Feedback Enhances Preschoolers' Performance in an Inhibitory Control Task

Oeri, Niamh; Buttelmann, David; Voelke, Annik E.; Roebers, Claudia M. (2019). Feedback Enhances Preschoolers' Performance in an Inhibitory Control Task. Frontiers in psychology, 10(977), pp. 1-8. Frontiers Research Foundation 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00977

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Accomplishing inhibition tasks requires not only inhibitory skills but also goal maintenance. The present study aimed to disentangle goal maintenance from inhibition. Therefore, we experimentally manipulated goal-maintenance demands by means of feedback. Three-year-old (n = 84) and 4-year-old (n = 75) preschoolers were randomly assigned to one of four experimental conditions. Results revealed an age-dependent pattern: three-year-olds that were assigned to one of the conditions with feedback outperformed those assigned to the control condition without feedback. It seems that especially performance-related feedback reduced goal-maintenance demands in 3-year-olds, resulting in enhanced inhibitory performance. Four-year-olds, in contrast, showed high performance across all conditions. Age-differences between the 3- and 4-year-olds were only significant for the control condition. Thus, with feedback, performance of the 3-year-olds was similar to that of the 4-year-olds. The present results seem to indicate that in an inhibition task, 3-year-olds’ struggle not only with inhibiting a prepotent response but also with adhering to the task goal.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Developmental Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Oeri, Niamh Salome; Buttelmann, David and Roebers, Claudia

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

1664-1078

Publisher:

Frontiers Research Foundation

Language:

English

Submitter:

Niamh Salome Oeri

Date Deposited:

07 Aug 2019 09:59

Last Modified:

07 Aug 2019 09:59

Publisher DOI:

10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00977

PubMed ID:

31133927

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.131716

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/131716

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