Genetic parameter estimates and targeted association analyses of growth, carcass, and meat quality traits in German Merinoland and Merinoland-cross lambs.

Stratz, Patrick; Schiller, Katja Franziska; Wellmann, Robin; Preuss, Siegfried; Baes, Christine Francoise; Bennewitz, Jörn (2018). Genetic parameter estimates and targeted association analyses of growth, carcass, and meat quality traits in German Merinoland and Merinoland-cross lambs. Journal of animal science, 96(2), pp. 398-406. American Society of Animal Science 10.1093/jas/sky012

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In this study, genetic parameters of nine growth, carcass, and meat quality (MQ) traits were estimated, and targeted association studies were conducted using mixed models. Phenotypic information was collected on 1,599 lambs, including both purebred Merinoland (ML) animals and five different F1 crosses. The F1 lambs were produced by mating rams of the meat-type breeds Charollais, Ile de France, German Blackheaded Mutton (Deutsches Schwarzköpfiges Fleischschaf), Suffolk, and Texel with ML ewes. Between four and six sires were used per sire breed. In total, 29 sires and 298 purebred ML sheep were genotyped with the Illumina OvineSNP50 BeadChip. All F1 individuals were genotyped for 289 SNPs located on the chromosomes 1, 2, 3, 18, and 21. These SNPs were used to impute SNPs on five chromosomes of the Illumina Ovine chip in the F1 individuals. Several Bonferroni-corrected significant associations were identified for shoulder width. A number of additional significant associations were found for other traits. Genetic parameters were estimated and single-marker association analyses were performed with breed-specific effects. Moderate heritability estimates were found for average daily gain (0.23), kidney fat weight (0.19), carcass length (0.15), shoulder width (0.33), subcutaneous fat thickness (0.22), and cutlet area (0.36). While heritability for cooking loss was found to be low (0.07), shear force (0.17) and dressing percentage (0.20) showed moderate heritability, and thus might be candidate traits to be included in the selection index in the population. In general, low phenotypic and low or moderate genetic correlations were detected between the traits.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Institute of Genetics
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)

UniBE Contributor:

Baes, Christine Francoise

Subjects:

500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

0021-8812

Publisher:

American Society of Animal Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christine Francoise Baes

Date Deposited:

20 Sep 2019 14:59

Last Modified:

04 Nov 2019 16:28

Publisher DOI:

10.1093/jas/sky012

PubMed ID:

29385607

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.131754

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/131754

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