Post-Procedural Bivalirudin Infusion at Full or Low Regimen in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome.

Gargiulo, Giuseppe; Carrara, Greta; Frigoli, Enrico; Leonardi, Sergio; Vranckx, Pascal; Campo, Gianluca; Varbella, Ferdinando; Calabrò, Paolo; Zaro, Tiziana; Bartolini, Davide; Briguori, Carlo; Andò, Giuseppe; Ferrario, Maurizio; Limbruno, Ugo; Colangelo, Salvatore; Sganzerla, Paolo; Russo, Filippo; Nazzaro, Marco Stefano; Esposito, Giovanni; Ferrante, Giuseppe; ... (2019). Post-Procedural Bivalirudin Infusion at Full or Low Regimen in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 73(7), pp. 758-774. Elsevier 10.1016/j.jacc.2018.12.023

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The value of prolonged bivalirudin infusion after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients with or without ST-segment elevation remains unclear.


The purpose of this study was to assess efficacy and safety of a full or low post-PCI bivalirudin regimen in ACS patients with or without ST-segment elevation.


The MATRIX program assigned bivalirudin to patients without or with a post-PCI infusion at either a full (1.75 mg/kg/h for ≤4 h) or reduced (0.25 mg/kg/h for ≤6 h) regimen at the operator's discretion. The primary endpoint was the 30-day composite of urgent target-vessel revascularization, definite stent thrombosis, or net adverse clinical events (composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, or stroke, or major bleeding).


Among 3,610 patients assigned to bivalirudin, 1,799 were randomized to receive and 1,811 not to receive a post-PCI bivalirudin infusion. Post-PCI full bivalirudin was administered in 612 (ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction [STEMI], n = 399; non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndromes [NSTE-ACS], n = 213), whereas the low-dose regimen was administered in 1,068 (STEMI, n = 519; NSTE-ACS, n = 549) patients. The primary outcome did not differ in STEMI or NSTE-ACS patients who received or did not receive post-PCI bivalirudin. However, full compared with low bivalirudin regimen remained associated with a significant reduction of the primary endpoint after multivariable (rate ratio: 0.21; 95% CI: 0.12 to 0.35; p < 0.001) or propensity score (rate ratio: 0.16; 95% CI: 0.09 to 0.26; p < 0.001) adjustment. Full post-PCI bivalirudin was associated with improved outcomes consistently across ACS types compared with the no post-PCI infusion or heparin groups.


In ACS patients with or without ST-segment elevation, the primary endpoint did not differ with or without post-PCI bivalirudin infusion but a post-PCI full dose was associated with improved outcomes when compared with no or low-dose post-PCI infusion or heparin (Minimizing Adverse Haemorrhagic Events by TRansradial Access Site and Systemic Implementation of angioX [MATRIX]; NCT01433627).

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Gargiulo, Giuseppe, Frigoli, Enrico, Windecker, Stephan, Valgimigli, Marco


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Amanda Valle

Date Deposited:

12 Aug 2019 15:02

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 15:29

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

MATRIX NSTE-ACS STEMI acute coronary syndrome bivalirudin dose bivalirudin duration




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