Sharpening Advocacy Coalitions

Weible, Christopher M.; Ingold, Karin; Nohrstedt, Daniel; Henry, Adam Douglas; Jenkins-Smith, Hank C. (2020). Sharpening Advocacy Coalitions. Policy studies journal, 48(4), pp. 1054-1081. Policy Studies Organization 10.1111/psj.12360

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The concept of “advocacy coalitions” is the bedrock of the Advocacy Coalition Framework (ACF), one of the most established and successful approaches for understanding policy processes across the globe. This article revisits and sharpens the conceptual definition of advocacy coalitions. We summarize the lessons from its theoretical emphases under the ACF and specify its five attributes (policy actors, shared beliefs, coordination, resources, and stability). Through this specification, we identify the ideal coalition type and several coalition subtypes. We then clarify and make a distinction between how we think about coalitions as a concept and how we approach coalitions empirically. This article sharpens the lens for describing and explaining coalitions toward better observations, theorizing, and measurements. It ends with next steps for further deepening and broadening knowledge about advocacy coalitions

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


11 Centers of Competence > KPM Center for Public Management
03 Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences > Social Sciences > Institute of Political Science
03 Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences > Social Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Ingold, Karin Mirjam


300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 320 Political science
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 350 Public administration & military science
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology




Policy Studies Organization




Karin Mirjam Ingold Michel

Date Deposited:

08 Aug 2019 09:36

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 15:29

Publisher DOI:



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