Decay detection in Norway spruce (Picea abies) with the Rotfinder instrument

Herrmann, Steffen; Huber, Markus O.; Bont, Zoe; Rigling, Andreas; Wunder, Jan (2019). Decay detection in Norway spruce (Picea abies) with the Rotfinder instrument. Forest Ecology and Management, 448, pp. 549-558. Elsevier 10.1016/j.foreco.2019.06.038

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Wood decay limits the function of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) H.Karst.) for wood production and in protection forests (i.e. forests protecting against natural hazards). Therefore, more detailed knowledge about the presence and extent of decay in living trees is highly relevant for both the timber industry and risk management strategies. However, decay detection in living Norway spruce trees is not sufficiently possible by visual methods. One possibility to overcome this problem are indirect, non- or least-destructive measurement devices such as the decay detector Rotfinder. Yet, the influence of climatic variables on the reliability of decay detection determined with the Rotfinder is not sufficiently known. Therefore, we assessed the influences of several climatic variables on the Rotfinder values continuously over one year at the same measuring position. Additionally, we determined a threshold value for decay detection in single Norway spruce trees in Central Europe. Regardless of the temperature, Rotfinder values measured over one year were mainly influenced by internal decay status, i.e. damage degree, which explained about 85% of the variation based on a generalized linear mixed effects model in this temperature range (about 6–27 °C). Together with fluctuations in air temperature, about 87% of the variation in Rotfinder values could be accounted for. For decay detection in single Norway spruce trees, a maximum threshold value of about 11,000 Rotfinder units (RU) was identified, equivalent to about 36% of the Rotfinder values measured for intact trees. Our results indicate that the Rotfinder can be used successfully for decay detection in single Norway spruce trees under Central European conditions.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Biotic Interactions
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Bont, Zoe Kalina

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0378-1127

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

30 Jul 2019 16:36

Last Modified:

23 Oct 2019 23:38

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.foreco.2019.06.038

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Heterobasidion spp.; wood decay; heart-rot; non-destructive measurement

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.131855

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/131855

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