The Big Two Dictionaries: Capturing Agency and Communion in Natural Language

Pietraszkiewicz, Agnieszka; Formanowicz, Magdalena; Gustafsson Sendén, Marie; Boyd, Ryan L.; Sikström, Sverker; Sczesny, Sabine (2019). The Big Two Dictionaries: Capturing Agency and Communion in Natural Language. European journal of social psychology, 49(5), pp. 871-887. Wiley-Blackwell 10.1002/ejsp.2561

[img] Text
ejsp.2561.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (242kB) | Request a copy

Four studies developed and validated two dictionaries to capture agenticand communal expressions in natural language. Their development fol-lowed theLinguistic Inquiry and Word Count(LIWC) approach (Study 1) andwe tested their validity with frequency-based analyses and semantic simi-larity measures. The newly developedAgencyandCommuniondictionarieswere aligned with LIWC categories related to agency and communion(Study 2), and corresponded with subjective ratings (Study 3), confirmingtheir convergent validity. Very low or absent correspondence between pro-posed dictionaries and unrelated LIWC categories demonstrated their dis-criminant validity (Study 2). Finally, we applied both dictionaries tolanguage used in advertisements. In correspondence to gender stereotypes,male-dominated jobs were advertised with more agentic than communalwords, and female-dominated jobs with more communal than agenticwords (Study 4). Both dictionaries represent reliable tools for quantifyingagentic and communal content in natural language, and will improve andfacilitate future research on agency and communion.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Social Psychology and Social Neuroscience

UniBE Contributor:

Pietraszkiewicz, Agnieszka; Formanowicz, Magdalena Maria and Sczesny, Sabine

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

0046-2772

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Agnieszka Pietraszkiewicz

Date Deposited:

07 Aug 2019 15:07

Last Modified:

07 Aug 2019 15:15

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/ejsp.2561

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.132110

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/132110

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback