How Are Self-Efficacy and Motivation Related to Drinking Five Years after Residential Treatment? A Longitudinal Multicenter Study

Müller, Anja; Znoj, Hansjörg; Moggi, Franz (2019). How Are Self-Efficacy and Motivation Related to Drinking Five Years after Residential Treatment? A Longitudinal Multicenter Study. European addiction research, 25(5), pp. 213-223. Karger 10.1159/000500520

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Background: Abstinence-related self-efficacy and action-oriented motivation to change addictive behaviours have been demonstrated to be important predictors of posttreatment drinking. However, there are only a few studies that assess drinking outcomes through a long-term follow-up interval. Objectives: The purpose of this longitudinal observational study is to evaluate whether self-efficacy and motivation at a 1-year follow-up mediate the relationship of self-efficacy at discharge from residential treatment with drinking outcomes at 5-year follow-up. Method: Simple and serial multiple mediation analyses were conducted on data collected from 263 patients (174 men, 89 women) with severe alcohol use disorder (AUD). Self-efficacy was measured at discharge and 1-year follow-up, and motivation was also measured at 1-year follow-up. Abstinence, percent days of abstinence (PDA), and drinks per drinking day (DDD) were used as drinking outcomes at 5-year follow-up. Exploring the indirect paths provided details about the interrelationship between self-efficacy and motivation. Results: Self-efficacy at discharge predicted abstinence and PDA. The mediation models suggest that self-efficacy at discharge was associated with self-efficacy and motivation at 1-year follow-up, which in turn was related to better long-term drinking outcomes, in particular for abstinence and PDA at 5-year follow-up. No such effects were found for DDD. Conclusions: The results indicate that self-efficacy and motivation are interrelated in improving long-term abstinence and percent days of abstinence following residential treatments and may play a substantial role in recovery from AUD.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > Translational Research Center
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Psychological and Behavioral Health

UniBE Contributor:

Znoj, Hans Jörg and Moggi, Franz

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1022-6877

Publisher:

Karger

Language:

English

Submitter:

Franz Moggi

Date Deposited:

07 Aug 2019 15:13

Last Modified:

22 Oct 2019 18:43

Publisher DOI:

10.1159/000500520

PubMed ID:

31112984

Uncontrolled Keywords:

abstinence-related self-efficacy; action-oriented motivation; mediation analyses; alcohol use disorder; long-term drinking outcome

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.132117

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/132117

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