Biomechanics of the hip

Büchler, Lorenz; Tannast, Moritz; Siebenrock, Klaus A.; Schwab, Joseph M. (2018). Biomechanics of the hip. In: Egol, Kenneth A.; Leucht, Philipp (eds.) Proximal Femur Fractures (pp. 9-15). Springer 10.1007/978-3-319-64904-7_2

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The hip joint plays a crucial role in daily living and athletic activities. The specific anatomy and biomechanics of the human hip joint is a consequence of the evolution of permanent bipedal gait. Acetabular and femoral anatomy ensure an inherently stable hip with a wide range of motion. Abnormal anatomy can lead to hip joint instability or impingement and is a risk factor for the development of arthritis of the joint. The forces acting upon the hip joint are mainly a function of gravitational force and strength of the muscles surrounding the hip and their respective lever arms. Depending on the activity, the hip may be subjected to a peak force of up to 8 times the body's weight. Both conservative and surgical treatment of fractures of the proximal femur can result in a variety of anatomical changes that can affect the biomechanics of the hip. Recognizing the biomechanical principles of the hip joint is essential for understanding normal hip function and is the basis of treatment concepts for congenital, traumatic, or degenerative hip diseases.

Item Type:

Book Section (Book Chapter)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Orthopaedic Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Büchler, Lorenz; Tannast, Moritz and Siebenrock, Klaus-Arno

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISBN:

978-3-319-64904-7

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Kathrin Aeschlimann

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2019 11:14

Last Modified:

04 Oct 2019 11:14

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/978-3-319-64904-7_2

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Biomechanics; hip

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/132122

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