The effect of regular dental cast artifacts on the 3D superimposition of serial digital maxillary dental models

Henninger, Eva Marietta Antonia; Vasilakos, Georgios; Halazonetis, Demetrios; Gkantidis, Nikolaos (2019). The effect of regular dental cast artifacts on the 3D superimposition of serial digital maxillary dental models. Scientific Reports, 9(1), p. 10501. Nature Publishing Group 10.1038/s41598-019-46887-1

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Superimpositions of serial 3D dental surface models comprise a powerful tool to assess morphological changes due to growth, treatment, or pathology. In this study, we evaluated the effect of artifacts on the superimposition outcome, using standard model acquisition and superimposition techniques. Ten pre- and post-orthodontic treatment plaster models were scanned with an intraoral scanner and superimposed using the iterative closest point algorithm. We repeated the whole process after manual removal of plaster artifacts, according to the current practice, as well as after re-scanning the cleaned models, to assess the effect of the model acquisition process derived artifacts on the superimposition outcome. Non-parametric multivariate models showed no mean effect on accuracy and precision by software settings, cleaning status (artifact removal), or time point. The choice of the superimposition reference area was the only factor that affected the measurements. However, assessment of individual cases revealed significant differences on the detected tooth movement, depending on artifact removal and on the model acquisition process. The effects of all factors tended to decrease with an increase in the size of the superimposition reference area. The present findings highlight the importance of accurate, artifact-free models, for valid assessment of morphological changes through serial 3D model superimpositions.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Orthodontics

UniBE Contributor:

Henninger, Eva Marietta Antonia and Gkantidis, Nikolaos


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Nature Publishing Group




Renate Imhof-Etter

Date Deposited:

30 Jul 2019 14:04

Last Modified:

28 Oct 2019 19:38

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:





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