Dietary Factors and Modulation of Bacteria Strains of Akkermansia muciniphila and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii: A Systematic Review.

Verhoog, Sanne; Taneri, Petek Eylul; Roa Díaz, Zayne M.; Marques-Vidal, Pedro; Troup, John P; Bally, Lia; Franco, Oscar H.; Glisic, Marija; Muka, Taulant (2019). Dietary Factors and Modulation of Bacteria Strains of Akkermansia muciniphila and Faecalibacterium prausnitzii: A Systematic Review. Nutrients, 11(7), E1565. Molecular Diversity Preservation International MDPI 10.3390/nu11071565

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and are highly abundant human gut microbes in healthy individuals, and reduced levels are associated with inflammation and alterations of metabolic processes involved in the development of type 2 diabetes. Dietary factors can influence the abundance of and , but the evidence is not clear. We systematically searched PubMed and Embase to identify clinical trials investigating any dietary intervention in relation to and . Overall, 29 unique trials were included, of which five examined 19 examined , and six examined both, in a total of 1444 participants. A caloric restriction diet and supplementation with pomegranate extract, resveratrol, polydextrose, yeast fermentate, sodium butyrate, and inulin increased the abundance of , while a diet low in fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols decreased the abundance of . For , the main studied intervention was prebiotics (e.g. fructo-oligosaccharides, inulin type fructans, raffinose); seven studies reported an increase after prebiotic intervention, while two studies reported a decrease, and four studies reported no difference. Current evidence suggests that some dietary factors may influence the abundance of and However, more research is needed to support these microflora strains as targets of microbiome shifts with dietary intervention and their use as medical nutrition therapy in prevention and management of chronic disease.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Clinical Nutrition
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM)

Graduate School:

Graduate School for Health Sciences (GHS)

UniBE Contributor:

Verhoog, Sanne, Roa Diaz, Zayne Milena, Bally, Lia Claudia, Franco Duran, Oscar Horacio, Muka, Taulant


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services




Molecular Diversity Preservation International MDPI




Andrea Flükiger-Flückiger

Date Deposited:

29 Jul 2019 17:50

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 15:30

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Akkermansia muciniphila Faecalibacterium prausnitzii dietary interventions microbiome randomized controlled trials systematic review




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