COLLECTIVE BEHAVIOUR EXHIBITED IN THE CASE OF DIFFERENT INDIVIDUAL ADJUSTMENT MODALITIES: A SIMULATION STUDY

Feigean, Mathieu; Grégoire, Guillaume; Quentin, Clément; Seiler, Roland; Bourbousson, Jérôme (June 2019). COLLECTIVE BEHAVIOUR EXHIBITED IN THE CASE OF DIFFERENT INDIVIDUAL ADJUSTMENT MODALITIES: A SIMULATION STUDY (Unpublished). In: World Congress on Science and Football. 04.06.2019.

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Introduction: Our project aimed at improving the understanding of how a space-time collective behavior dynamically emerges from individuals’ adaptations. A previous study has shown that players used different adjustments (Feigean et al., 2018). Two mains adjustments were described: local when players interact with only one single player, and global when players interact with the overall spatiotemporal shape. The purpose of this simulation study was to test hypotheses about local and global adjustment modalities and their correlates in emerging collective behavior. Method: We created a dynamical model of two interacting football teams, which was built on three physical forces that apply to every agent, called avoidance force, side force, and zone force. We introduced local and global adjustment modalities which were defined as social forces. We obtained 100 simulations. Within each simulation, individual agents’ position at each instant (i.e., coordinates) were calculated. From these positions data, we calculated metrics to characterize the collective behavior, such as the centroids, the stretch index and the surface area. Results: The results showed that the centroid position (y) was higher in term of the direction of the game for the team set with global adjustment than for a team set with local adjustment modality. The size of the surface area was bigger for a team set with global adjustment modality than for a team configured with local adjustment modality. The same result was found for the stretch index. The width and the length of the team was lower for a team set with local adjustment compared to the team configured with the global adjustment modality. Discussion: Together, the results highlighted two specific shapes of behaviors, a condensed behavior that was obtained by the local adjustment modality and a deployed behavior obtained by the global adjustment modality. This study gave new directions for the research on teamwork in sport teams. The simulation device adopted here also provides the opportunity to generate a large amount of spatiotemporal data that are hard to capture in the natural sport setting. References: Araújo, D., Silva, P., & Davids, K. (2015). Capturing group tactical behaviors in expert team players. In J. Baker & D. Farrow (Eds.), Routledge Handbook of Sport Expertise (pp. 209-220). London: Routledge. Feigean, M., R’Kiouak, M., Seiler, R., & Bourbousson, J. (2018). Achieving teamwork in naturalistic sport settings: An exploratory qualitative study of informational resources supporting football players’ activity when coordinating with others. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 38, 154-166.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)

UniBE Contributor:

Feigean, Mathieu and Seiler, Roland

Subjects:

700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment
100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Mathieu Feigean

Date Deposited:

08 Aug 2019 10:45

Last Modified:

30 Oct 2019 19:08

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.132244

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/132244

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