The Diversity of Plant Small RNAs Silencing Mechanisms

Schröder, Jens A.; Jullien, Pauline E. (2019). The Diversity of Plant Small RNAs Silencing Mechanisms. CHIMIA, 73(5), pp. 362-367. Schweizerische Chemische Gesellschaft 10.2533/chimia.2019.362

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Small RNAs gene regulation was first discovered about 20 years ago. It represents a conserve gene regulation mechanism across eukaryotes and is associated to key regulatory processes. In plants, small RNAs tightly regulate development, but also maintain genome stability and protect the plant against pathogens. Small RNA gene regulation in plants can be divided in two canonical pathways: Post-transcriptional Gene Silencing (PTGS) that results in transcript degradation and/or translational inhibition or Transcriptional Gene Silencing (TGS) that results in DNA methylation. In this review, we will focus on the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. We will provide a brief overview of the molecular mechanisms involved in canonical small RNA pathways as well as introducing more atypical pathways recently discovered.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Plant Epigenetics
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Schröder, Jens Alexander and Jullien, Pauline Emilie

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0009-4293

Publisher:

Schweizerische Chemische Gesellschaft

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

27 Aug 2019 08:09

Last Modified:

01 Jun 2020 02:30

Publisher DOI:

10.2533/chimia.2019.362

Uncontrolled Keywords:

argonaute; DNA methylation; plant; silencing; small RNA

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.132580

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/132580

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