Middle Stone Age foragers resided in high elevations of the glaciated Bale Mountains, Ethiopia

Ossendorf, Götz; Groos, Alexander R.; Bromm, Tobias; Tekelemariam, Minassie Girma; Glaser, Bruno; Lesur, Joséphine; Schmidt, Joachim; Akçar, Naki; Bekele, Tamrat; Beldados, Alemseged; Demissew, Sebsebe; Kahsay, Trhas Hadush; Nash, Barbara P.; Nauss, Thomas; Negash, Agazi; Nemomissa, Sileshi; Veit, Heinz; Vogelsang, Ralf; Woldu, Zerihun; Zech, Wolfgang; ... (2019). Middle Stone Age foragers resided in high elevations of the glaciated Bale Mountains, Ethiopia. Science, 365(6453), pp. 583-587. American Association for the Advancement of Science 10.1126/science.aaw8942

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Studies of early human settlement in alpine environments provide insights into human physiological, genetic, and cultural adaptation potentials. Although Late and even Middle Pleistocene human presence has been recently documented on the Tibetan Plateau, little is known regarding the nature and context of early persistent human settlement in high elevations. Here, we report the earliest evidence of a prehistoric high-altitude residential site. Located in Africa’s largest alpine ecosystem, the repeated occupation of Fincha Habera rock shelter is dated to 47 to 31 thousand years ago. The available resources in cold and glaciated environments included the exploitation of an endemic rodent as a key food source, and this played a pivotal role in facilitating the occupation of this site by Late Pleistocene hunter-gatherers.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Physical Geography > Unit Paleo-Geoecology
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Physical Geography

UniBE Contributor:

Groos, Alexander Raphael; Akçar, Naki and Veit, Heinz

Subjects:

900 History > 910 Geography & travel
500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology
500 Science
900 History
900 History > 930 History of ancient world (to ca. 499)
900 History > 960 History of Africa

ISSN:

0036-8075

Publisher:

American Association for the Advancement of Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Lukas Munz

Date Deposited:

27 Aug 2019 08:39

Last Modified:

22 Oct 2019 21:58

Publisher DOI:

10.1126/science.aaw8942

Related URLs:

PubMed ID:

31395781

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.132592

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/132592

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