Global knowledge gaps in the prevention and control of bovine viral diarrhoea (BVD) virus.

Evans, Caitlin A; Pinior, Beate; Larska, Magdalena; Graham, David; Schweizer, Matthias; Guidarini, Christian; Decaro, Nicola; Ridpath, Julia; Gates, M Carolyn (2019). Global knowledge gaps in the prevention and control of bovine viral diarrhoea (BVD) virus. Transboundary and emerging diseases, 66(2), pp. 640-652. Blackwell 10.1111/tbed.13068

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The significant economic impacts of bovine viral diarrhoea (BVD) virus have prompted many countries worldwide to embark on regional or national BVD eradication programmes. Unlike other infectious diseases, BVD control is highly feasible in cattle production systems because the pathogenesis is well understood and there are effective tools to break the disease transmission cycle at the farm and industry levels. Coordinated control approaches typically involve directly testing populations for virus or serological screening of cattle herds to identify those with recent exposure to BVD, testing individual animals within affected herds to identify and eliminate persistently infected (PI) cattle, and implementing biosecurity measures such as double-fencing shared farm boundaries, vaccinating susceptible breeding cattle, improving visitor and equipment hygiene practices, and maintaining closed herds to prevent further disease transmission. As highlighted by the recent DISCONTOOLS review conducted by a panel of internationally recognized experts, knowledge gaps in the control measures are primarily centred around the practical application of existing tools rather than the need for creation of new tools. Further research is required to: (a) determine the most cost effective and socially acceptable means of applying BVD control measures in different cattle production systems; (b) identify the most effective ways to build widespread support for implementing BVD control measures from the bottom-up through farmer engagement and from the top-down through national policy; and (c) to develop strategies to prevent the reintroduction of BVD into disease-free regions by managing the risks associated with the movements of animals, personnel and equipment. Stronger collaboration between epidemiologists, economists and social scientists will be essential for progressing efforts to eradicate BVD from more countries worldwide.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)


05 Veterinary Medicine > Research Foci > Veterinary Public Health / Herd Health Management
05 Veterinary Medicine > Research Foci > Host-Pathogen Interaction
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Virology and Immunology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP)

UniBE Contributor:

Schweizer, Matthias


500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture








Pamela Schumacher

Date Deposited:

04 Sep 2019 15:50

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 15:30

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

bovine viral diarrhoea virus control diagnostics genetic diversity pathogenesis vaccination




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