Border disease in cattle.

Braun, Ueli; Hilbe, Monika; Peterhans, Ernst; Schweizer, Matthias (2019). Border disease in cattle. Veterinary journal, 246, pp. 12-20. Elsevier 10.1016/j.tvjl.2019.01.006

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Within the family Flaviviridae, viruses within the genus Pestivirus, such as Border disease virus (BDV) of sheep, can cause great economic losses in farm animals. Originally, the taxonomic classification of pestiviruses was based on the host species they were isolated from, but today, it is known that many pestiviruses exhibit a broad species tropism. This review provides an overview of BDV infection in cattle. The clinical, hematological and pathological-anatomical findings in bovines that were transiently or persistently infected with BDV largely resemble those in cattle infected with the closely related pestivirus bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV). Accordingly, the diagnosis of BDV infection can be challenging, as it must be differentiated from various pestiviruses in cattle. The latter is very relevant in countries with control programs to eradicate BVDV in Bovidae, as in most circumstances, pestivirus infections in sheep, which act as reservoir for BDV, are not included in the eradication scheme. Interspecies transmission of BDV between sheep and cattle occurs regularly, but BDV in cattle appears to be of minor general importance. Nevertheless, BDV outbreaks at farm or local level can be very costly.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Research Foci > Host-Pathogen Interaction
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Virology and Immunology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Other Institutions > Emeriti, Vetsuisse Faculty

UniBE Contributor:

Peterhans, Ernst and Schweizer, Matthias

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

1090-0233

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Achim Braun Parham

Date Deposited:

04 Sep 2019 17:09

Last Modified:

03 Nov 2019 01:13

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.tvjl.2019.01.006

PubMed ID:

30902184

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Border disease Bovine viral diarrhoea Cattle Clinical findings Epidemiology

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.132997

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/132997

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