In vitro Evaluation of Tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc) Trotter] Genotypes for Drought Tolerance

Ferede, Brikti; Mekbib, Firew; Assefa, Kebebew; Chanyalew, Solomon; Abraha, Eyasu; Tadele, Zerihun (2019). In vitro Evaluation of Tef [Eragrostis tef (Zucc) Trotter] Genotypes for Drought Tolerance. Ethiopian journal of agricultural sciences, 29(3), pp. 73-88. African Journals Online

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Drought is a serious tef production constraint as most of Ethiopia’s agriculture is rain dependent with limited and erratic distribution. The present study was conducted to evaluate tef genotypes for drought tolerance under in vitro condition, and to assess the performance of the in vitro developed regenerants under greenhouse condition. The in vitro experiment was arranged in a factorial experiment using completely randomized design with three replications. Three tef genotypes including Melko (drought tolerant), Gemechis (moderately tolerant) and Pop12S2 (susceptible) and five polyethylene glycol levels (0, 0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2%) were used. Analysis of variance indicated significant differences (P≤0.05) among the genotypes as well as the different polyethylene glycol concentrations for all the measured parameters, but total shoot/culture and survival percentage was not genotype dependent. There was significant genotype by polyethylene glycol interactions on total shoot number/culture, total root number/culture, shoot length, root length and survival percentage, while no significant interaction effect was noted on callus induction efficiency, percent plant regeneration, rooting percentage and number of roots/shoot. The results showed that increasing polyethylene glycol concentration from 0% to 2% in the medium causes a gradual decrease in callus induction and plant regeneration efficiency. In most regenerants, fluctuation behavior was observed for the measured parameters. Hence, to determine the most desirable drought tolerant regenerants, ranking method was taken. Accordingly, regenerant Melko (0.5%), Melko (1.5%), and Melko (1%) gave the most desirable regenerants; thus, they could be used for crossing and further improvement of drought tolerance.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Plant Development
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Tadele, Zerihun

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

2415-2382

Publisher:

African Journals Online

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

16 Sep 2019 15:10

Last Modified:

03 Nov 2019 06:07

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.133109

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/133109

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