Integrating Remote Sensing and Geophysics for Exploring Early Nomadic Funerary Architecture in the “Siberian Valley of the Kings”

Caspari, Gino; Sadykov, Timur; Blochin, Jegor; Buess, Manuel; Nieberle, Matthias; Balz, Timo (2019). Integrating Remote Sensing and Geophysics for Exploring Early Nomadic Funerary Architecture in the “Siberian Valley of the Kings”. Sensors, 19(14), p. 3074. Molecular Diversity Preservation International MDPI 10.3390/s19143074

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This article analyses the architecture of the Early Iron Age royal burial mound Tunnug 1 in the “Siberian Valley of the Kings” in Tuva Republic, Russia. This large monument is paramount for the archaeological exploration of the early Scythian period in the Eurasian steppes, but environmental parameters make research on site difficult and require the application of a diversity of methods. We thus integrate WorldView-2 and ALOS-2 remote sensing data, geoelectric resistivity and geomagnetic survey results, photogrammetry-based DEMs, and ortho-photographs, as well as excavation in order to explore different aspects of the funerary architecture of this early nomadic monument. We find that the large royal tomb comprises of a complex internal structure of radial features and chambers, and a rich periphery of funerary and ritual structures. Geomagnetometry proved to be the most effective approach for a detailed evaluation of the funerary architecture in our case. The parallel application of several surveying methods is advisable since dataset comparison is indispensable for providing context.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of History and Archaeology > Institute of Archaeological Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Caspari, Gino

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology
600 Technology > 620 Engineering
900 History > 930 History of ancient world (to ca. 499)

ISSN:

1424-8220

Publisher:

Molecular Diversity Preservation International MDPI

Language:

English

Submitter:

Gino Caspari

Date Deposited:

19 Sep 2019 13:52

Last Modified:

29 Oct 2019 21:12

Publisher DOI:

10.3390/s19143074

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.133262

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/133262

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