Distorted mental spatial representation of multi-level buildings - Humans are biased towards equilateral shapes

Ertl, Matthias; Klaus, Manuel; Brandt, Thomas; Dieterich, Marianne; Mast, Fred (11 September 2019). Distorted mental spatial representation of multi-level buildings - Humans are biased towards equilateral shapes (Unpublished). In: 16th SPS SGP SSP Conference. Bern. 09.09.-11.09.2019.

A distorted model of a familiar multi-level building with a systematic overestimation of the height was demonstrated in psychophysical and real space navigation tasks. In the current study we further investigated this phenomenon with a tablet-based application. Participants were asked to adjust height and width ratio of the presented buildings. The estimation errors between adjusted and true height-width ratios were analyzed. 142 subjects aged 21 to 90 years from the cities of Bern and Munich were tested. Major results were: 1) a median overestimation of the height of the multi-level buildings of 11%; 2) estimation errors were significantly less if the particular building was unknown to participants; 3) the height of tower-like buildings was underestimated, whereas that of long, flat shaped buildings was overestimated. Overall, our internal models of large multi-level buildings are distorted due to multiple factors including geometric features and memory effects.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Cognitive Psychology, Perception and Methodology

UniBE Contributor:

Ertl, Matthias; Klaus, Manuel Patrick and Mast, Fred

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Matthias Ertl

Date Deposited:

07 Jan 2021 17:18

Last Modified:

07 Jan 2021 17:18

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/133522

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