Multiple-stressor effects on freshwater fish: Importance of taxonomy and life stage

Lange, Katharina; Bruder, Andreas; Matthaei, Christoph D.; Brodersen, Jakob; Paterson, Rachel A. (2018). Multiple-stressor effects on freshwater fish: Importance of taxonomy and life stage. Fish and fisheries, 19(6), pp. 974-983. Wiley 10.1111/faf.12305

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Interactions among multiple anthropogenic stressors threaten freshwater fish and pose challenges for fisheries management and conservation. Previous studies of multiple-stressor effects on freshwater fish suggest a prevalence of antagonistic in-teractions. However, taxonomy, life stage and/or environmental context likely mod-ify the magnitude and direction of fish responses to multiple stressors. Stressor intensity, impact mechanism, exposure time and ecosystem size may further affect interaction outcomes. Large-scale studies quantifying how these variables moderate stressor interactions are lacking. To address this knowledge gap, we performed a meta- analysis of 29 factorial multiple-stressor experiments to examine the influence of seven potential moderator variables on the magnitude and direction of stressor interactions. Using weighted random-effects meta-analytic models, we demonstrate the importance of taxonomic identity and life stage for interaction outcomes. In par-ticular, Cypriniformes showed stronger antagonisms than Salmoniformes, as did lar-val fish compared to juveniles. Interaction outcomes also varied among the measured fish responses with survival yielding stronger antagonisms than biomass. Increasing experimental duration and volume of the experimental units both drove interactions towards synergisms, supporting findings from previous studies that synergisms take time and space to develop. In an era when the number of stressors affecting freshwa-ter systems is increasing rapidly, our study provides a vital step towards identifying generalities in multiple-stressor outcomes and thus improved predictions of multiple-stressor impacts. Furthermore, our meta-analysis complements studies in real streams, rivers and lakes by providing an experimentally derived context for the growing number of multiple-stressor assessments in research, management and con-servation of freshwater fish.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Ecology and Evolution (IEE)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Ecology and Evolution (IEE) > Aquatic Ecology

UniBE Contributor:

Brodersen, Jakob

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

1467-2960

Publisher:

Wiley

Language:

English

Submitter:

Marcel Häsler

Date Deposited:

08 Oct 2019 16:29

Last Modified:

22 Oct 2019 21:05

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/faf.12305

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.133763

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/133763

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