Cerebral blood flow imbalance is associated with motor outcome after pediatric arterial ischemic stroke.

Leistner, Rebekka; Everts, Regula; Federspiel, Andrea; Kornfeld, Salome; Slavova, Nedelina; Steiner, Leonie; Wiest, Roland; Steinlin, Maja; Grunt, Sebastian (2019). Cerebral blood flow imbalance is associated with motor outcome after pediatric arterial ischemic stroke. PLoS ONE, 14(10), e0223584. Public Library of Science 10.1371/journal.pone.0223584

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Cerebral hemodynamics after arterial ischemic stroke (AIS) in children are largely unknown. This study aims to explore long-term cerebral perfusion balance of vital tissue and its relation to motor outcome after childhood AIS. Patients diagnosed with childhood AIS (≤16 years at diagnosis, time since stroke ≥2 years) and typically developing peers were examined. Hemiparesis was classified according to the Pediatric Stroke Outcome Measure. Manual ability was assessed using the ABILHAND-Kids questionnaire. Cerebral blood flow was measured by arterial spin labeling and analyzed in the following brain regions: the hemispheres, the territory of the anterior cerebral artery (ACA), the middle cerebral artery (MCA), and in subregions of the MCA territory (MCA anterior, middle, posterior). To assess cerebral perfusion balance, laterality indices were calculated using cerebral blood flow in the ipsi- and contralesional hemisphere. Laterality indices were compared between stroke patients with and without hemiparesis, and peers. Twenty participants diagnosed with AIS were included (12 boys, 8 girls; mean age 14.46±4.96 years; time since stroke 8.08±3.62 years); 9 (45%) were diagnosed with hemiparesis. Additionally, 47 typically developing peers (21 boys, 26 girls; mean age 14.24±5.42 years) were studied. Laterality indices were higher in stroke patients and oriented to the contralesional hemisphere in all brain regions except the ACA territory and MCA posterior subregion. This was significantly different from peers, who showed balanced laterality indices. There was a significant correlation between laterality indices and manual ability, except in the ACA territory. AIS is associated with long-term alterations of cerebral blood flow in vital tissue, even in patients without hemiparesis. The degree of imbalance of cerebral perfusion in children after AIS is associated with manual ability.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > Translational Research Center

UniBE Contributor:

Everts, Regula; Federspiel, Andrea; Kornfeld, Salome; Slavova, Nedelina Bozhidarova; Steiner, Leonie Serena; Wiest, Roland; Steinlin, Maja and Grunt, Sebastian

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1932-6203

Publisher:

Public Library of Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Martin Zbinden

Date Deposited:

15 Oct 2019 15:19

Last Modified:

22 Oct 2019 17:38

Publisher DOI:

10.1371/journal.pone.0223584

PubMed ID:

31603919

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.133906

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/133906

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