[Acute outbreak of lameness due to inflammatory claw disease in a beef herd].

Syring, Claudia; Berchtold, B; Alsaaod, Maher; Meylan, Mireille (2019). [Acute outbreak of lameness due to inflammatory claw disease in a beef herd]. Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde, 161(10), pp. 689-696. Gesellschaft Schweizer Tierärztinnen und Tierärzte 10.17236/sat00231

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INTRODUCTION

Several young bulls in a beef farm showed large, foul-smelling skin lesions in the plantar region of the coronary band and in the interdigital space. Some of the animals also had a painful, warm swelling in the palmar fetlock area. All bulls were lame (score 4/5), the most severely affected animal had a lameness score of 5/5. Initial local treatment was unsuccessful, therefore the animals received parenteral antimicrobial treatment leading to improvement of clinical signs and weight bearing in most animals. However, several animals were slaughtered prematurely due to severe foot lesions. The diverse clinical picture did not allow for diagnosing one specific claw affection without further diagnostic investigations. Histopathological and bacteriological examinations confirmed the diagnosis of digital dermatitis (DD) in combination with an interdigital phlegmon, whereby five of the seven examined specimens were positive for one or more Treponema spp. Treponemes belong to the spirochetes, the ones commonly involved in DD in dairy cows include Treponema medium, Treponema phagedenis and Treponema pedis. The last two species were detected in the present cases. The clinical findings and results of diagnostic investigations indicate that a severe form of DD complicated by a secondary infection and interdigital phlegmon caused an outbreak of severe lameness in young bulls in a beef farm. Single or combined claw diseases can be associated with severe losses not only in dairy but also in beef herds.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > Clinic for Ruminants

UniBE Contributor:

Syring, Claudia; Alsaaod, Maher and Meylan, Mireille

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

0036-7281

Publisher:

Gesellschaft Schweizer Tierärztinnen und Tierärzte

Language:

German

Submitter:

Nathalie Viviane Zollinger

Date Deposited:

17 Oct 2019 14:22

Last Modified:

15 Jan 2020 14:29

Publisher DOI:

10.17236/sat00231

PubMed ID:

31586931

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Dermatite digitale Dermatitis digitalis Digital dermatitis Jungbullen Klauenerkrankungen Sekundärinfektion Treponemen benessere animale bien-être des animaux claw diseases dermatite digitale giovani tori jeunes taureaux maladies des onglons malattie degli unghioni secondary infection treponemes treponemi tréponèmes young bulls

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.133958

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/133958

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