Shade and leaf loss affect establishment of grove-forming ectomycorrhizal rain forest tree species

Green, J. J.; Newbery, D M. (2001). Shade and leaf loss affect establishment of grove-forming ectomycorrhizal rain forest tree species. New Phytologist, 151(1), pp. 291-309. Wiley-Blackwell 10.1046/j.1469-8137.2001.00157.x

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The poor regeneration of Microberlinia bisulcata in groves in Korup, Central Africa was investigated in the forest to highlight factors that interact with light. Survival and growth of nursery‐grown seedlings of M. bisulcata with four other species in each of two 1‐yr trials were recorded after transplantation into quadrats differing in PAR. Total mass was predicted for PAR treatments in nursery trials reported separately. Plant mass was strongly dependent on PAR for all species. At low PAR, across species, plant mass was positively related to seed mass. Forest : nursery mass ratios decreased with increasing PAR; M. bisulcata had the lowest ratios of all species at high PAR. Leaf weight ratio declined more steeply with increasing PAR in the forest than in the nursery and this was particularly marked for M. bisulcata. Herbivory was the most probable cause of leaf loss. Forest : nursery ratios were negatively correlated with species’ abundances in the forest. Besides its small seed size and shade intolerance, M. bisulcata is highly susceptible to leaf loss when illuminated. Opportunities for seedling release are thus very low.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Vegetation Ecology [discontinued]

UniBE Contributor:

Newbery, David McClintock

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0028-646X

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

06 Nov 2019 10:02

Last Modified:

06 Nov 2019 10:02

Publisher DOI:

10.1046/j.1469-8137.2001.00157.x

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.134109

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/134109

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