Spinal injury in alpine winter sports: a review.

Bigdon, Sebastian Frederick; Gewiess, Jan; Hoppe, Sven; Exadaktylos, Aristomenis K.; Benneker, Lorin M.; Fairhurst, Paul Gilbert; Albers, Christoph E. (2019). Spinal injury in alpine winter sports: a review. Scandinavian journal of trauma, resuscitation and emergency medicine, 27(1), p. 69. BioMed Central 10.1186/s13049-019-0645-z

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INTRODUCTION Alpine winter sports have become increasingly popular over recent decades, with a similar increase in accident incidence. This review provides an overview of the most recent literature concerning spinal injury epidemiology, mechanisms, patterns and prevention strategies in the context of alpine winter sports. MATERIAL AND METHODS The PubMed, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE databases were searched using the keywords spine injury, alpine injury, spine fracture, skiing injuries, snowboard injuries. 64 published studies in English and German met a priori inclusion criteria and were reviewed in detail by the authors. RESULTS There are various mechanisms of injury in alpine winter sports (high speed falls in skiing, jumping failure in snowboarding) whilst regionality and injury severity are broadly similar. The thoracolumbar spine is the most common region for spinal injury. Spinal cord injury is relatively rare, usually accompanying distraction and rotation type fractures and is most commonly localised to the cervical spine. Disc injuries seem to occur more commonly in alpine winter sport athletes than in the general population. DISCUSSION Despite awareness of increasing rates and risks of spinal injuries in alpine winter sports, there has been little success in injury prevention.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Orthopaedic Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > University Emergency Center

UniBE Contributor:

Bigdon, Sebastian; Hoppe, Sven; Exadaktylos, Aristomenis; Benneker, Lorin Michael; Fairhurst, Paul Gilbert Arthur Penn and Albers, Christoph


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




BioMed Central




Kathrin Aeschlimann

Date Deposited:

28 Oct 2019 17:22

Last Modified:

03 Nov 2019 02:41

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Alpine injuries Review Spine injuries Trauma





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