Global Positioning System: Understanding Long Noncoding RNAs through Subcellular Localization.

Carlevaro-Fita, Joana; Johnson, Rory (2019). Global Positioning System: Understanding Long Noncoding RNAs through Subcellular Localization. Molecular cell, 73(5), pp. 869-883. Cell Press 10.1016/j.molcel.2019.02.008

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The localization of long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) within the cell is the primary determinant of their molecular functions. LncRNAs are often thought of as chromatin-restricted regulators of gene transcription and chromatin structure. However, a rich population of cytoplasmic lncRNAs has come to light, with diverse roles including translational regulation, signaling, and respiration. RNA maps of increasing resolution and scope are revealing a subcellular world of highly specific localization patterns and hint at sequence-based address codes specifying lncRNA fates. We propose a new framework for analyzing sequencing-based data, which suggests that numbers of cytoplasmic lncRNA molecules rival those in the nucleus. New techniques promise to create high-resolution, transcriptome-wide maps associated with all organelles of the mammalian cell. Given its intimate link to molecular roles, subcellular localization provides a means of unlocking the mystery of lncRNA functions.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Medical Oncology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR)

UniBE Contributor:

Carlevaro Fita, Joana and Johnson, Rory Baldwin

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1097-2765

Publisher:

Cell Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Rebeka Gerber

Date Deposited:

04 Nov 2019 15:51

Last Modified:

04 Nov 2019 15:58

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.molcel.2019.02.008

PubMed ID:

30849394

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.134310

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/134310

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