The endoscopic anatomy of the cochlear hook region and fustis: surgical implications

Anschütz, Lukas Peter; Alicandri-Ciufelli, M.; Wimmer, Wilhelm; Bonali, M.; Caversaccio, Marco; Presutti, L. (2019). The endoscopic anatomy of the cochlear hook region and fustis: surgical implications. Acta otorhinolaryngologica italica, 39(5), pp. 353-357. Pacini 10.14639/0392-100X-2388

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The cochlear hook region can be considered as the interface between the middle and inner ear. The identification of surgically-relevant endoscopic landmarks of this anatomical entity and assessment of their clinical value is still lacking in the literature. Procedures like cholesteatoma surgery and minimal invasive endoscopic approaches to the lateral skull base may particularly benefit from these considerations. We hypothesize that the spatial orientation of anatomical landmarks in the cochlear hook can be expressed in angles and are reproducibly identifiable by transcanal otoendoscopy. Therefore, endoscopic dissection of the cochlear hook region was performed in 32 temporal bone specimens. Topographic anatomy was documented and analysed. We performed computed tomography of 28 specimens to assess the region in three-dimensional reconstructions. The mean angle between the round window and the basal scala tympani was assessed 25.9° in endoscopic and 28.2° in three-dimensionally reconstructed models. The fustis was recognised as a reliable landmark for the basal turn. A mean angle of 155.4° to the basal scala tympani was assessed. A slight bulging without obstruction of the basal turn was observed in 5 cases. The utility of the revealed anatomical details was assessed in minimal invasive endoscopic lateral skull base approaches. In conclusion, we described the angles between anatomical landmarks of the cochlear hook region. Moreover, the angle as recorded through an endoscope was found to be reliable compared to three-dimensional reconstructions from computed tomography.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders (ENT)
10 Strategic Research Centers > ARTORG Center for Biomedical Engineering Research > ARTORG Center - Hearing Research Laboratory

UniBE Contributor:

Anschütz, Lukas Peter, Wimmer, Wilhelm, Caversaccio, Marco


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Wilhelm Wimmer

Date Deposited:

31 Oct 2019 13:00

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 15:31

Publisher DOI:





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