The past distribution of Abies nebrodensis (Lojac.) Mattei: results of a multidisciplinary study

Pasta, Salvatore; Sala, Giovanna; La Mantia, Tommaso; Bondì, Cristina; Tinner, Willy (2020). The past distribution of Abies nebrodensis (Lojac.) Mattei: results of a multidisciplinary study. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany, 29(3), pp. 357-371. Springer 10.1007/s00334-019-00747-0

[img] Text
2020_VegetHistArchaeobot_29_357.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only until 21 September 2023.
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (1MB) | Request a copy

The present study provides a critical review of the available historical data on the distribution of Abies nebrodensis, a fir tree endemic to Sicily. The only (somewhat ambiguous) references to its occurrence on Mount Etna date back to the 1st century bc and refer back to the 3rd century bc. Although the botanical and forestry literature and the very few surviving herbarium specimens do not prove that A. nebrodensis grew outside the Madonie mountain range, several indications suggest its past occurrence on other Sicilian mountain ranges such as the Erei, Nebrodi, and probably also Sicani mountains. The results of the most recent pollen investigations (still ongoing) point to the disappearance of Abies from most of Sicily by the 1st century bc, and at least since the Middle Ages A. nebrodensis had become extremely rare even on the Madonie mountains. Publications focused on the wooden artefacts from archaeological excavations and the restoration of architectural heritage have provided some information on the past use of fir wood in Sicily, but the species identity of the firs being used remain unresolved. The present review of the past occurrence and distribution of A. nebrodensis suggests that it may have previously occupied a wider ecological niche.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Palaeoecology
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Tinner, Willy

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0939-6314

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

06 Nov 2019 15:51

Last Modified:

26 May 2020 17:15

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00334-019-00747-0

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Sicily; documentary sources; medieval history; forestry resources; endemism; pollen; wood anatomy; archaeobotany

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.134601

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/134601

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback