A 10-year Follow-up Study of 119 Teeth Treated with Apical Surgery and Root-end Filling with Mineral Trioxide Aggregate.

von Arx, Thomas; Jensen, Simon S.; Janner, Simone F. M.; Hänni, Stefan; Bornstein, Michael M. (2019). A 10-year Follow-up Study of 119 Teeth Treated with Apical Surgery and Root-end Filling with Mineral Trioxide Aggregate. Journal of endodontics, 45(4), pp. 394-401. Elsevier 10.1016/j.joen.2018.12.015

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INTRODUCTION

The objective of this clinical study was to assess the long-term outcome (clinical signs/symptoms and radiographic healing) of teeth treated with apical surgery and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) for root-end filling.

METHODS

One hundred ninety-five patients were recalled 1, 5, and 10 years after apical surgery for clinical and radiographic examinations. Three calibrated observers evaluated the periapical radiographs independently. The evolution of the cases over time was analyzed. Healing classification of teeth was divided into "healed" versus "not healed" teeth using well-established clinical and radiographic healing criteria. The potential influence of sex, age, type of treated tooth, type of MTA, and first-time versus repeat surgery on healing outcome was statistically analyzed.

RESULTS

The inception cohort included 195 teeth. The dropout rate after 10 years amounted to 39% (n = 76). Of the 119 teeth available for the 10-year analysis, 97 teeth were classified as healed (81.5%). No significant differences were found with regard to the rate of healed cases for the subcategories of the parameters of age, sex, type of MTA, and first-time or repeat surgery. Concerning the type of treated tooth, the rate of healed maxillary molars (95.2%) differed significantly (P = .035) from the rate of healed maxillary premolars (66.7%). The predictive value of the cases classified as healed at 1 year and remaining so over the 10-year observation period was 86.8%.

CONCLUSIONS

This 10-year follow-up study of teeth treated with apical surgery and MTA as root-end filling material showed an acceptable rate of healed cases. Many of the lost teeth had been extracted because of longitudinal root fractures during the observation period.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Preventive, Restorative and Pediatric Dentistry
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Oral Surgery and Stomatology

UniBE Contributor:

von Arx, Thomas; Jensen, Simon Storgaard; Janner, Simone and Hänni, Stefan

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0099-2399

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Caroline Balz

Date Deposited:

13 Nov 2019 08:47

Last Modified:

13 Nov 2019 08:57

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.joen.2018.12.015

PubMed ID:

30827766

Uncontrolled Keywords:

10-year follow-up apical surgery clinical study mineral trioxide aggregate

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.134620

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/134620

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