Maintenance tyrosine kinase inhibitors following allo-HCT for chronic myeloid leukemia: A CIBMTR Study.

DeFilipp, Zachariah; Ancheta, Richard; Liu, Ying; Hu, Zhen-Huan; Gale, Robert Peter; Snyder, David; Schouten, Harry C; Kalaycio, Matt; Hildebrandt, Gerhard C; Ustun, Celalettin; Daly, Andrew; Ganguly, Siddhartha; Inamoto, Yoshihiro; Litzow, Mark; Szer, Jeffrey; Savoie, Mary Lynn; Hossain, Nasheed; Kharfan-Dabaja, Mohamed A; Hamadani, Mehdi; Reshef, Ran; ... (2020). Maintenance tyrosine kinase inhibitors following allo-HCT for chronic myeloid leukemia: A CIBMTR Study. Biology of blood and marrow transplantation, 26(3), pp. 472-479. Elsevier 10.1016/j.bbmt.2019.10.017

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It remains unknown whether the administration of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) targeting BCR-ABL1 after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is associated with improved outcomes for patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). In this registry study, we analyzed clinical outcomes of 390 adult patients with CML transplanted from 2007-2014 who received maintenance TKI following HCT (n=89) as compared to no TKI maintenance (n=301), as reported to the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research. All patients received TKI therapy prior to HCT. The majority of patients had disease beyond CP1 at HCT (n=240, 62%). The study was conducted as a landmark analysis, excluding patients that died, relapsed, had chronic graft-versus-host disease or were censored prior to Day 100 following HCT. Of the 89 patients receiving TKI maintenance, 77 (87%) received a single TKI while 12 (13%) received multiple sequential TKIs. The most common TKIs used for maintenance were dasatinib (n=50), imatinib (n=27) and nilotinib (n=27). As measured from Day 100, the adjusted estimates for 5-year relapse (maintenance, 35% vs. no maintenance, 26%; p=0.11), leukemia-free survival (LFS, maintenance, 42% vs. no maintenance, 44%; p=0.65) or overall survival (OS, maintenance, 61% vs. no maintenance, 57%; p=0.61) did not significantly differ between patients receiving TKI maintenance or no maintenance. These results remained unchanged in multivariate analysis and were not modified by the status of disease prior to transplant. In conclusion, our data did not demonstrate a significant impact of maintenance TKI therapy on clinical outcomes in a Day 100 landmark analysis. The optimal approach to TKI administration in the post-transplant setting in CML remains undetermined.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Haematology and Central Haematological Laboratory

UniBE Contributor:

Bacher, Vera Ulrike


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Pierrette Durand Lüthi

Date Deposited:

13 Nov 2019 15:48

Last Modified:

26 Oct 2020 02:30

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation Chronic myeloid leukemia Maintenance Tyrosine kinase inhibitor




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