Direct oral anticoagulants versus vitamin K antagonists after recent ischemic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation.

Seiffge, David J.; Paciaroni, Maurizio; Wilson, Duncan; Koga, Masatoshi; Macha, Kosmas; Cappellari, Manuel; Schaedelin, Sabine; Shakeshaft, Clare; Takagi, Masahito; Tsivgoulis, Georgios; Bonetti, Bruno; Kallmünzer, Bernd; Arihiro, Shoji; Alberti, Andrea; Polymeris, Alexandros A; Ambler, Gareth; Yoshimura, Sohei; Venti, Michele; Bonati, Leo H; Muir, Keith W; ... (2019). Direct oral anticoagulants versus vitamin K antagonists after recent ischemic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation. Annals of neurology, 85(6), pp. 823-834. Wiley-Blackwell 10.1002/ana.25489

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OBJECTIVE We compared outcomes after treatment with direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) and vitamin K antagonists (VKAs) in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) and a recent cerebral ischemia. METHODS We conducted an individual patient data analysis of seven prospective cohort studies. We included patients with AF and a recent cerebral ischemia (<3 months before starting oral anticoagulation) and a minimum follow-up of 3 months. We analyzed the association between type of anticoagulation (DOAC versus VKA) with the composite primary endpoint (recurrent ischemic stroke [AIS], intracerebral hemorrhage [ICH], or mortality) using mixed-effects Cox proportional hazards regression models; we calculated adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs). RESULTS We included 4,912 patients (median age, 78 years [interquartile range {IQR}, 71-84]; 2,331 [47.5%] women; median National Institute of Health Stroke Severity Scale at onset, 5 [IQR, 2-12]); 2,256 (45.9%) patients received VKAs and 2,656 (54.1%) DOACs. Median time from index event to starting oral anticoagulation was 5 days (IQR, 2-14) for VKAs and 5 days (IQR, 2-11) for DOACs (p = 0.53). There were 262 acute ischemic strokes (AISs; 4.4%/year), 71 intracranial hemorrrhages (ICHs; 1.2%/year), and 439 deaths (7.4%/year) during the total follow-up of 5,970 patient-years. Compared to VKAs, DOAC treatment was associated with reduced risks of the composite endpoint (HR, 0.82; 95% CI, 0.67-1.00; p = 0.05) and ICH (HR, 0.42; 95% CI, 0.24-0.71; p < 0.01); we found no differences for the risk of recurrent AIS (HR, 0.91; 95% CI, 0.70-1.19; p = 0.5) and mortality (HR, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.68-1.03; p = 0.09). INTERPRETATION DOAC treatment commenced early after recent cerebral ischemia related to AF was associated with reduced risk of poor clinical outcomes compared to VKA, mainly attributed to lower risks of ICH. ANN NEUROL 2019;85:823-834.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology

UniBE Contributor:

Seiffge, David Julian

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0364-5134

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Chantal Kottler

Date Deposited:

14 Nov 2019 09:36

Last Modified:

14 Nov 2019 09:44

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/ana.25489

PubMed ID:

30980560

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.134794

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/134794

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