Functional movement disorders.

Galli, S; Béreau, M; Magnin, E; Moulin, T; Aybek, Selma (2019). Functional movement disorders. (In Press). Revue neurologique Elsevier Masson 10.1016/j.neurol.2019.08.007

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Functional movement disorders (FMD) represent a complex and disabling entity characterized by a broad range of clinical symptoms not explained by a classical neurological disease. In 2013, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) added a clinical criterion based on incongruence and inconsistency, supported by recent literature highlighting the role of "positive clinical signs". These clinical signs allow a "rule-in" procedure in making a diagnosis of FMD so that the diagnosis is no longer a "rule-out" or "by default" diagnosis made after exclusion of other neurological conditions. This review summarizes current evidence on common clinical features and highlights bedside signs in FMD, such as tremor, dystonia, myoclonus and parkinsonism. Tics, chorea and hemiballism are also briefly discussed.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology

UniBE Contributor:

Aybek, Selma

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0035-3787

Publisher:

Elsevier Masson

Language:

English

Submitter:

Chantal Kottler

Date Deposited:

26 Nov 2019 08:46

Last Modified:

26 Nov 2019 08:46

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.neurol.2019.08.007

PubMed ID:

31606137

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Conversion disorder Functional movement disorder Functional neurological disorder Psychogenic

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.134860

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/134860

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