Prediction of restenosis based on hemodynamical markers in revascularized femoro-popliteal arteries during leg flexion

Gökgöl, Can; Diehm, Nicolas; Räber, Lorenz; Büchler, Philippe (2019). Prediction of restenosis based on hemodynamical markers in revascularized femoro-popliteal arteries during leg flexion. Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology, 18(6), pp. 1883-1893. Springer-Verlag 10.1007/s10237-019-01183-9

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Endovascular therapy in patients suffering from peripheral arterial disease shows high rates of restenosis. The poor clinical outcomes are commonly explained by the demanding mechanical environment due to leg movements, but the mechanisms responsible for restenosis remain unknown. In this study, we hypothesized that restenosis following revascularization is associated with hemodynamical markers derived from blood flow during leg flexion. Therefore, we performed personalized computational fluid dynamics (CFD) analyses of 20 patients, who underwent routine endovascular femoro-popliteal interventions. The CFD analyses were conducted using 3D models of the arterial geometry in straight and flexed positions, which were reconstructed from 2D angiographic images. Based on restenosis rates reported at 6-month follow-up, logistic regression analyses were performed to predict restenosis from hemodynamical parameters. Results showed that severe arterial deformations, such as kinking, induced by leg flexion in stented arteries led to adverse hemodynamic conditions that may trigger restenosis. A logistic regression analysis based solely on hemodynamical markers had an accuracy of 75%, which showed that flow parameters are sufficient to predict restenosis (p = 0.031). However, better predictions were achieved by adding the treatment method in the model. This suggests that a more accurate image acquisition technique is required to capture the localized modifications of blood flow following intervention, especially around the stented artery. This approach, based on the immediate postoperative configuration of the artery, has the potential to identify patients at increased risk of restenosis. Based on this information, clinicians could take preventive measures and more closely follow these patients to avoid complications.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology
10 Strategic Research Centers > ARTORG Center for Biomedical Engineering Research

UniBE Contributor:

Gökgöl, Can, Räber, Lorenz, Büchler, Philippe


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology








Can Gökgöl

Date Deposited:

05 Dec 2019 11:06

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 15:32

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:





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