Tumour Budding/T-cell infiltrates in Colorectal Cancer: Proposal of a Novel Combined Score.

Dawson, Heather; Christe, Lucine; Eichmann, Micha; Reinhard, Stefan; Zlobec, Inti; Blank, Annika; Lugli, Alessandro (2019). Tumour Budding/T-cell infiltrates in Colorectal Cancer: Proposal of a Novel Combined Score. (In Press). Histopathology Wiley 10.1111/his.14006

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AIMS The TNM classification system is used for prognostication purposes and to guide patient management. However, in colorectal cancer (CRC), additional markers are needed to stratify prognostic subgroups. From large bodies of research, two promising markers have emerged: Tumour budding and T-cell host response (CD3, CD8 and CD45RO infiltrates). However, attempts to combine these two parameters have been sparse. The aim of this study was to perform an assessment of potential protagonists that could be used in a combined score (Budding/T-cell Score, BTS). METHODS AND RESULTS This descriptive, retrospective study was performed on a multi-punch tissue microarray containing material from 345 patients with Stage I-IV CRC. Areas from tumour centre, front and microenvironment were stained for Pancytokeratin/CD3, Pancytokeratin/CD8 and Pancytokeratin/CD45RO. Tumour buds were scored manually and T-cell infiltrates digitally using open-source software (QuPath). Tumour buds, T-cell counts and combined BTS were associated with clinico-pathological features and overall survival (OS). A higher combined BTS score (Buds/CD8, tumour centre) performed better than budding or CD8/CD3 alone in predicting nodal metastases (p<0.0001, OR 1.466, 95%CI: 1.115-1.928). Only higher BTS (Buds/CD3) was significantly associated with poorer OS on multivariate analysis (p= 0.012, HR 1.218, 95%CI: 1.044-1.419). CONCLUSIONS Although CD8+/CD3+ T-cells are predictive of tumour biology in CRC, we found a combined BTS to be stronger in predicting survival and certain features with high clinical relevance, such as nodal metastases, in comparison to budding or T-cells alone. Further studies combining T-cell infiltrates and tumour budding are necessary to optimize risk assessment of CRC.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology > Clinical Pathology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology > Translational Research Unit

UniBE Contributor:

Dawson, Heather; Christe, Lucine Constance Henriette; Eichmann, Micha David; Reinhard, Stefan; Zlobec, Inti; Blank, Annika and Lugli, Alessandro

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1365-2559

Publisher:

Wiley

Language:

English

Submitter:

Alessandro Lugli

Date Deposited:

21 Nov 2019 14:18

Last Modified:

21 Nov 2019 14:24

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/his.14006

PubMed ID:

31560788

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Immunoscore Tumour budding colorectal cancer host response

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.135363

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/135363

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