Toothpaste factors related to dentine tubule occlusion and dentine protection against erosion and abrasion.

João de Souza, Samira Helena; Sakae, Leticia Oba; Lussi, Adrian; Aranha, Ana Cecilia Corrêa; Hara, Anderson; Baumann, Tommy; Scaramucci, Tais; Saads Carvalho, Thiago (2020). Toothpaste factors related to dentine tubule occlusion and dentine protection against erosion and abrasion. Clinical oral investigations, 24(6), pp. 2051-2060. Springer-Verlag 10.1007/s00784-019-03069-7

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OBJECTIVES To investigate the effect of toothpastes on dentine surface loss and tubule occlusion, and the association of toothpaste-related factors to each of the outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS One hundred and sixty human dentine specimens were randomly distributed into 10 groups, according to different toothpastes. The specimens were submitted to artificial saliva (60 min), citric acid (3 min), and brushing abrasion (25 s; totalizing 2 min in toothpaste slurries). This was repeated five times and two outcome variables were analyzed: dentine surface loss (dSL; μm) and tubule occlusion by measurement of the total area of open tubules (Area-OT; μm2). Data were analyzed with Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney tests (α = 0.05); bivariate and multivariate regressions were used to model the association of the chemical (pH, concentration of F-, Ca2+, and PO43- and presence of Sn2+) and physical (% weight of solid particles, particle size, and wettability) factors of the toothpastes to both outcome variables. RESULTS Toothpastes caused different degrees of dSL and did not differ in Area-OT. All chemical and physical factors, except the presence of Sn2+, were associated with dSL (p < 0.001). Area-OT was associated only with the presence of Sn2+ (p = 0.033). CONCLUSION Greater dSL was associated with lower pH, lower concentration of F-, higher concentration of Ca2+ and PO43-, greater % weight of solid particles, smaller particle size, and lesser wettability, whereas tubule occlusion was associated with the presence of Sn2+. CLINICAL RELEVANCE Depending on their chemical and physical composition, toothpastes will cause different degrees of dentine tubule occlusion and dentine surface loss. This could, in turn, modulate dentine hypersensitivity.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Preventive, Restorative and Pediatric Dentistry

UniBE Contributor:

João de Souza, Samira Helena; Lussi, Adrian; Baumann, Tommy and Saads Carvalho, Thiago

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1432-6981

Publisher:

Springer-Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Daniela Zesiger

Date Deposited:

04 Dec 2019 08:22

Last Modified:

01 Jun 2020 01:31

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00784-019-03069-7

PubMed ID:

31624923

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Anti-erosion Dental abrasion Dental erosion Dentinal tubules Desensitizing Toothpaste

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.135544

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/135544

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