Biomarkers for PVR in rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.

Zandi, Souska; Pfister, Isabel B; Traine, Peter G; Tappeiner, Christoph; Despont, Alain; Rieben, Robert; Skowronska, Magdalena; Garweg, Justus G. (2019). Biomarkers for PVR in rhegmatogenous retinal detachment. PLoS ONE, 14(4), e0214674. Public Library of Science 10.1371/journal.pone.0214674

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PURPOSE Various profibrotic and proinflammatory cytokines have been found upregulated in uncomplicated primary retinal detachment (pRD), but without providing a uniform picture. Here, we compare the cyto- and chemokine profiles in pRD with and without proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) in an attempt to unravel relevant differences not in single cytokines, but in the cytokine profiles at diagnosis. METHODS Undiluted vitreous fluid (VF) was obtained at the beginning of surgery from 174 eyes with pRD without relevant PVR (maximally grade B; group 1; n = 81) and with moderate or advanced PVR requiring a gas tamponade (group 2; n = 49) or silicon oil filling (group 3; n = 44). VF of eyes undergoing macular hole (MH) surgery served as controls (group 4; n = 26). Forty-three cytokines were quantified in parallel using a multiplex cytokine analysis system (Bioplex). For all comparisons we applied Holm's correction to control for multiple comparisons. RESULTS 44.9% of group 2 eyes presented grade C1 and 55.1% C2-C3, whereas 86.4% of group 3 eyes exhibited a PVR grade of C2-D. CCL19 was the only cytokine that displayed higher concentrations in the vitreous of eyes with PVR C1 compared to lower PVR grades. Eyes with PVR C2-D showed higher levels of CCL27, CXCL6, IL4, IL16, CXCL10, CCL8, CCL22, MIG/CXCL9, CCL15, CCL19, CCL 23 and CXCL12 compared to controls. Interestingly, no difference of cytokine levels was detected between C1 and C2-D PVR. CONCLUSIONS CCL19 may represent a potential biomarker for early PVR progression that holds promise for future diagnostic and therapeutic applications.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Ophthalmology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR)

UniBE Contributor:

Tappeiner, Christoph; Despont, Alain; Rieben, Robert and Garweg, Justus


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Public Library of Science




Christoph Tappeiner

Date Deposited:

03 Dec 2019 13:41

Last Modified:

08 Dec 2019 02:46

Publisher DOI:


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