Party, Peers, Publicity: Overlapping Loyalties in Early Soviet Pugwash, 1955–1960

Lüscher, Fabian (2020). Party, Peers, Publicity: Overlapping Loyalties in Early Soviet Pugwash, 1955–1960. In: Kraft, Alison; Sachse, Carola (eds.) Science, (Anti-)Communism and Diplomacy. History of Modern Science: Vol. 3 (pp. 121-155). Leiden: Brill 10.1163/9789004340176_005

[img] Text
LüscherOCT19.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.
Dear Contributor, Please find the PDF file of your chapter herewith. You are allowed to make up to 25 prints of the article, for personal use only, but you are not allowed to distribute the PDF file. You retain the rights set out in Brill’s self-archiving policy, which can be found at http://www.brill.com/resources/authors/publishing-books-brill/self-archiving-rights. Please note that if the Consent to Publish for your article was signed before 2016, different self-archiving rights, as set out in the Consent to Publish, will apply. Please review your Consent to Publish before self-archiving. The Publisher confirms that the following rights are reserved to the Contributor: a. the right after publication to include the Contribution free of charge in a compilation of own works in print, such as a collection of own articles and/or lectures, provided that due acknowledgment is made of the original publication and that the original layout is not used; b. the right to deposit the author’s version of the Contribution – that is the accepted manuscript, not the PDF file – in an institutional or a subject repository, provided that due acknowledgment is made of the original publication; c. the right after publication to quote the Contribution and/or build on the content of the Contribution, on the condition that due acknowledgment is made of the original publication; d. the right to reproduce a limited number of copies of the Contribution for the sole purpose of private use; e. the right to include the Contribution in a collection by way of support to lectures and presentations given by the Contributor, on the condition that the normal exploitation of the Work by the Publisher is not harmed and that due acknowledgment is made of the original publication; f. the right to make announcements of the Work public in relevant circles; g. all intellectual and industrial property rights or any similar rights with respect to (the protection of) methods, processes, designs and models described in the Contribution. h. In case the Contribution is published in Brill Open under a Creative Commons License, usage is regulated as set out in the specified license. For more information go to www.brill.com/brillopen.

Download (321kB) | Request a copy

The CPSU’s propagandistic effort for complete disarmament and towards a comprehensive ban of nuclear weapons matched the moral values of the Pugwash initiative well. Soon after the Russell-Einstein Manifesto was published, the Party decided that some Soviet scientists should participate in the networks evolving around the Manifesto. Later, Soviet Pugwash activity was institutionalized in a formal group under the auspices of the Academy of Sciences. Usually, the Presidium of the Academy issued directives before the Pugwash conferences, instructing the Soviet participants to push the party line and demonstrate full support of Khrushchev’s official foreign policy doctrine. Nonetheless, Pugwash was more than just another stage for Soviet propaganda. It provided scientists with the chance to meet foreign peers and allowed them to establish contacts across the Iron Curtain. This chapter examines the work of Soviet Pugwash participants and their perception as both activists in a transnational initiative for nuclear disarmament and ambassadors of Soviet foreign policy in the second half of the 1950s. Drawing on documents of the Soviet Pugwash group and on personal papers of its members, this chapter shows how overlapping loyalties to both the Soviet government and the Pugwash network demanded great flexibility on the part of the academicians involved.

Item Type:

Book Section (Book Chapter)

Division/Institute:

06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of History and Archaeology > Institute of History > Modern and Contemporary History

UniBE Contributor:

Lüscher, Fabian

Subjects:

900 History

ISSN:

2352-7145

ISBN:

978-90-04-34017-6

Series:

History of Modern Science

Publisher:

Brill

Language:

English

Submitter:

Fabian Lüscher

Date Deposited:

25 Nov 2019 16:09

Last Modified:

25 Nov 2019 16:09

Publisher DOI:

10.1163/9789004340176_005

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.135631

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/135631

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback