A Biobehavioral Validation of the Taylor Aggression Paradigm in Female Adolescents

Rinnewitz, Lena; Parzer, Peter; Koenig, Julian; Bertsch, Katja; Brunner, Romuald; Resch, Franz; Kaess, Michael (2019). A Biobehavioral Validation of the Taylor Aggression Paradigm in Female Adolescents. Scientific reports, 9(1), p. 7036. Springer Nature 10.1038/s41598-019-43456-4

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This research assessed the behavioral, emotional, endocrinological and autonomic reactivity to the laboratory Taylor Aggression Paradigm (TAP) in a sample of healthy female adolescents. Twenty participants were induced with the TAP to behave aggressively (aggression group) and 20 age-matched participants were not induced to behave aggressively (control group). Regression analysis revealed that the aggression group displayed significant higher levels of aggressive behavior compared to the control group (χ2 (2) = 255.50, p < 0.0001). Aggressive behavior was not related to self-reported measures of trait aggression, impulsiveness or psychopathy features. Regarding the biological responses, regression analysis on cortisol, missed the set level of significance (χ2 (1) = 3.73, p = 0.054), but showed significant effects on heart rate as a function of aggression induction (χ2 (1) = 5.81, p = 0.016). While aggression induction was associated with increased autonomic arousal (heart rate), the interpretation of the effects on cortisol warrant caution, given existing differences between groups at baseline and overly elevated cortisol attributable to the general experimental procedures and not the TAP per se. No differences were found with respect to testosterone. In summary, the present study lends preliminary support for the validity of the TAP and its use in female adolescents on a behavioral and autonomic level.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > Research Division

UniBE Contributor:

Koenig, Julian and Kaess, Michael

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2045-2322

Publisher:

Springer Nature

Language:

English

Submitter:

Chantal Michel

Date Deposited:

05 Dec 2019 09:10

Last Modified:

08 Dec 2019 02:46

Publisher DOI:

10.1038/s41598-019-43456-4

PubMed ID:

31065043

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.135634

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/135634

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