A missense mutation in the Arabidopsis COPII coat protein Sec24A induces the formation of clusters of the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus

Faso, Carmen; Chen, Ya-Ni; Tamura, Kentaro; Held, Michael; Zemelis, Starla; Marti, Lucia; Saravanan, RamuSubramanian; Hummel, Eric; Kung, Leslie; Miller, Elizabeth; Hawes, Chris; Brandizzi, Federica (2009). A missense mutation in the Arabidopsis COPII coat protein Sec24A induces the formation of clusters of the endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus. The Plant Cell, 21(11), pp. 3655-3671. American Society of Plant Biologists 10.1105/tpc.109.068262

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How the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and the Golgi apparatus maintain their morphological and functional identity while working in concert to ensure the production of biomolecules necessary for the cell's survival is a fundamental question in plant biology. Here, we isolated and characterized an Arabidopsis thaliana mutant that partially accumulates Golgi membrane markers and a soluble secretory marker in globular structures composed of a mass of convoluted ER tubules that maintain a connection with the bulk ER. We established that the aberrant phenotype was due to a missense recessive mutation in sec24A, one of the three Arabidopsis isoforms encoding the coat protomer complex II (COPII) protein Sec24, and that the mutation affects the distribution of this critical component at ER export sites. By contrast, total loss of sec24A function was lethal, suggesting that Arabidopsis sec24A is an essential gene. These results produce important insights into the functional diversification of plant COPII coat components and the role of these proteins in maintaining the dynamic identity of organelles of the early plant secretory pathway.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Cell Biology

UniBE Contributor:

Faso, Carmen

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

1040-4651

Publisher:

American Society of Plant Biologists

Language:

English

Submitter:

Carmen Faso

Date Deposited:

05 Dec 2019 12:09

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2019 12:09

Publisher DOI:

10.1105/tpc.109.068262

PubMed ID:

19933202

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.135727

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/135727

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