Transcanal Transpromontorial Approach to Lateral Skull Base: Maximal Area of Exposure and Surgical Extensions

Yacoub, Abraam; Wimmer, Wilhelm; Molinari, Giulia; Alicandri-Ciufelli, Matteo; Presutti, Livio; Caversaccio, Marco; Anschütz, Lukas (2020). Transcanal Transpromontorial Approach to Lateral Skull Base: Maximal Area of Exposure and Surgical Extensions. World neurosurgery, 135, e181-e186. Elsevier 10.1016/j.wneu.2019.11.102

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Objective To determine the possible surgical extensions and maximal area of exposure (AOE) achievable through the transcanal transpromontorial approach (TTA) to the internal auditory canal (IAC) and cerebellopontine angle (CPA). We hypothesize a possible extension of indication for this minimally-invasive approach to the lateral skull base. Methods In this experimental anatomical study, the expanded transcanal transpromontorial approach was first carried out in 4 temporal bones to define the anatomical boundaries of the maximal exposure, from two perspectives, the middle ear and the porus of the IAC. Consecutively, these identified boundaries were translated on segmented 3D surface models of 32 temporal bone high-resolution computed tomography scans. Results The dissections performed were the basis followed during the determination of the AOE on the 3D surface models. The measurements revealed that the AOE at the middle ear was 152.9 mm2 +/- 33.6 mm2, while it was 151.9 mm2 +/- 24.8 mm2 at the porus of the IAC. The mean superoinferior and anteroposterior extensions at the middle ear were 14.7 mm +/- 2.5 mm and 16.9 mm +/- 2.5 mm respectively. On the other hand, the mean superoinferior and anteroposterior extensions at the IAC porus were 10.3 mm +/- 1.3mm and 18.5mm +/-1.9mm respectively. Conclusions Consistently with the minimally invasive approaches, the AOE is limited; however, if compared to traditional approaches, it appears of considerable size. Our results may assist the surgeon in the selection process of the appropriate candidates to TTA, and to tailor the approach to the disease.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders (ENT)
10 Strategic Research Centers > ARTORG Center for Biomedical Engineering Research > ARTORG Center - Hearing Research Laboratory

UniBE Contributor:

Yacoub, Abraam; Wimmer, Wilhelm; Caversaccio, Marco and Anschütz, Lukas Peter


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Wilhelm Wimmer

Date Deposited:

05 Dec 2019 13:05

Last Modified:

08 Mar 2020 01:31

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