Prevalence of Peri-Implantitis in Implants with Turned and Rough Surfaces: a Systematic Review.

Saulacic, Nikola; Schaller, Benoît (2019). Prevalence of Peri-Implantitis in Implants with Turned and Rough Surfaces: a Systematic Review. Journal of oral & maxillofacial research : JOMR, 10(1), e1. Kaunas 10.5037/jomr.2019.10101

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Moderately-rough implant surface may improve implant therapy in terms of bone integration, but the increased surface roughness might affect the initiation and development of peri-implantitis. The aim of the present review was to compare the prevalence of peri-implantitis in implants with rough and turned (machined) implant surfaces.

Material and Methods

An electronic literature search was conducted of the MEDLINE and EMBASE databases for articles published between 1 January 1990 and 1 March 2018. Clinical human studies in the English language that had reported on prevalence of peri-implantitis in tuned and rough surface implants were searched. The initial search resulted in 690 articles.


Eight articles with 2992 implants were included in the systematic review. The incidence of peri-implantitis for two implant surfaces varied between studies. A meta-analysis was not feasible due to the heterogeneity among studies. Implant with rough surfaces were more favourable for plaque accumulation during short-term follow-up. On a long-term, turned implants surfaces were associated with more plaque and higher peri-implant bone loss. Peri-implant clinical parameters and survival rate for two implant surfaces was similar.


Within the limitations of the present study, rough implant surface does not seem to increase the incidence of peri-implantitis in comparison to turned implants surface.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Craniomaxillofacial Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Saulacic, Nikola and Schaller, Benoît


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Caroline Dominique Zürcher

Date Deposited:

02 Dec 2019 16:52

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 15:33

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

dental implant osseointegrated dental implantation peri-implantitis systematic review titanium


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