What happened before the run over? Morphometric 3D reconstruction.

Buck, Ursula; Busse, Kirsten; Campana, Lorenzo; Gummel, Felix; Schyma, Christian; Jackowski, Christian (2020). What happened before the run over? Morphometric 3D reconstruction. Forensic science international, 306, p. 110059. Elsevier Scientific Publ. Ireland 10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.110059

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In traffic accidents, the differentiation of run-over and other injuries is crucial because questions about the origin of fatal injuries often arise. It is sometimes difficult for forensic pathologists to answer them due to the superimposition of injuries or competing, potentially fatal findings. Therefore, using morphometric three-dimensional (3D) reconstructions offers new perspectives based on an interdisciplinary evaluation of all findings and traces. The morphometric 3D reconstruction includes the allocation of patterned injuries or transferred material, the determination of the origin of injuries as well as the reconstruction of the incident. The generated 3D models of persons, clothes, vehicles, incident sites and relevant objects resulting from forensic imaging, photogrammetry, 3D structured-light and laser scanning are included, as are all detected traces and damages. Three case studies are presented to illustrate the possibilities and results of morphometric 3D reconstruction. Run-over accidents have received less attention than the topic of pedestrian, bicycle and motorbike accident analysis for which there is a large body of literature. Our goal is to add to the understanding of run-over accidents using morphometric reconstruction in order to improve their analysis in the future. The possibilities of morphometric reconstructions by means of 3D techniques in run-over accidents are wide-ranging and can provide new, unexpected and significant insights.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine > Forensic Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine > Management

UniBE Contributor:

Buck, Ursula; Busse, Kirsten; Gummel, Felix Matthias; Schyma, Christian and Jackowski, Christian

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0379-0738

Publisher:

Elsevier Scientific Publ. Ireland

Language:

English

Submitter:

Antoinette Angehrn

Date Deposited:

19 Dec 2019 08:34

Last Modified:

05 Jan 2020 01:37

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.110059

PubMed ID:

31780351

Uncontrolled Keywords:

3D documentation 3D reconstruction Forensic sciences Run-over accident Surface scanning

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.136103

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/136103

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