Acute and mixed alcohol intoxications in asylum seekers presenting to an urban emergency department in Switzerland

Brown, Adam D.; Müller, Martin; Hirschi, Trevor; Henssler, Jonathan F.; Rönz, Katharina; Exadaktylos, Aristomenis K.; Srivastava, David (2019). Acute and mixed alcohol intoxications in asylum seekers presenting to an urban emergency department in Switzerland. BMC public health, 19(1), p. 536. BioMed Central 10.1186/s12889-019-6910-2

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BACKGROUND: Previous studies have reported an increase in alcohol-and-mixed intoxication (AAMI)-related emergency department (ED) admissions, but less is known about the incidence and characteristics of AAMI admissions to EDs among asylum-seeking patients. Asylum seeking patients may be at higher risk for AAMI due stressors associated with forced migration. The aim of this study was to determine the proportional incidence, population characteristics, and predictors of ED admissions due to AAMI among patients with a residency status of asylum seeker as compared to those with a residency status of Swiss-national. METHODS: This retrospective analysis included all medical consultations from a large, adult ED in Switzerland between January 1, 2013 to December 31, 2016. The residency status of consultations was established if possible, and AAMI was determined utilizing a two-step screening procedure, blinded for residency status. A multivariable logistic regression was performed to determine the odds of AAMI in asylum-seeking patient consultations compared to consultations for Swiss-national patients. In addition, patient characteristics among asylum seekers admitted for AAMI were compared to patients with Swiss-national residency status for AAMI. RESULTS: In total, 117,716 eligible consultations (Swiss-national patient consultations: n = 115,226 and asylum-seeker consultations: n = 2490) were included in this study. The proportional incidence of AAMI among asylum seekers was 3.7% (n = 92) compared to 1.6% (n = 1841) among the Swiss-national patients. AAMI in asylum seekers was associated with higher levels of trauma (37.0% vs. 23.5%, p = 0.003), and hospital admission (35.4% vs. 14.1%, p < 0.001), but a smaller proportion of chronic alcohol consumption (13.0% vs. 43.5%, p < 0.001), and psychiatric referrals (26.1% vs. 49.0%, p < 0.001). Multivariable analysis controlling for age, sex, triage category, weekend admission, year of admission, and multiple visits showed a 1.6 times higher odds (95% CI: 1.3, 2.0; p < 0.001) for an AAMI-related ED consultation in asylum seeking patients. CONCLUSIONS: These findings show that individuals seeking asylum in a high-income country may be at greater risk for AAMI-related admission than the local population. Given the observed association between AAMI-related ED admissions and trauma, suicidality, and psychiatric referrals among this subpopulation, the data also suggests that co-morbid mental health disorders associated with forced displacement may contribute to hazardous alcohol use.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > University Emergency Center

UniBE Contributor:

Müller, Martin; Exadaktylos, Aristomenis and Srivastava, David Shiva

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1471-2458

Publisher:

BioMed Central

Language:

English

Submitter:

Romana Saredi

Date Deposited:

12 Dec 2019 09:36

Last Modified:

15 Dec 2019 06:50

Publisher DOI:

10.1186/s12889-019-6910-2

PubMed ID:

31077159

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.136433

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/136433

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