Double-plate compound osteosynthesis for pathological fractures of the proximal femur: high survivorship and low complication rate.

Merckaert, Sophie; Fontanellaz-Castiglione, Christian D; Fornari, Eric D; Tannast, Moritz (2020). Double-plate compound osteosynthesis for pathological fractures of the proximal femur: high survivorship and low complication rate. Archives of orthopaedic and trauma surgery, 140(10), pp. 1327-1338. Springer 10.1007/s00402-019-03310-8

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INTRODUCTION

Management of pathological fractures of the proximal femur is often challenging. Compound double-plate osteosynthesis has been specifically developed for surgical treatment of these pathological fractures. To our knowledge, this study represents the largest series to date of double-plate compound osteosynthesis with the longest follow-up.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Using our institutional digital database, we identified 61 procedures in 53 patients at the proximal femur. Patients were divided into two groups. A 'primary' group with all cases in which a double-plate compound osteosynthesis was performed as initial procedure (n = 46) and a 'revision' group with all cases in which a double-plate compound osteosynthesis was performed as revision procedure after failed previous attempts of internal fixation (n = 15). (1) The survivorship of the hip was calculated using the Kaplan-Meier survivorship analysis. (2) Complications were graded using Sink's classification. (3) The functional outcome was quantified with the Merle d'Aubigné and Postel score. (4) Risk factors were identified based on a multivariate Cox-regression analysis.

RESULTS

The cumulative Kaplan-Meier survivorship of the primary group was 96% at 6 months, 90% at 1 year, 5 years and thereafter and 83% at 6 months, 74% at 1 year, 53% at 2 years for the 'revision' group (p = 0.0008). According to the classification of Sink et al., the rate of grade III and IV complications was significantly lower in the primary group (p < 0.0001). The mean Merle d'Aubigné score was 14 ± 7 at 0-3 months, 13 ± 3 at 3-6 months, 15 ± 3 at 6-12 months and 15 ± 4 thereafter (p = 0.54). The only multivariate negative predictor was previous surgery with a hazard ratio of 9.2 (p < 0.006).

CONCLUSION

Double-plate compound osteosynthesis is a valuable treatment option for pathological fractures in proximal femur with good functional results.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Orthopaedic Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Merckaert, Sophie and Tannast, Moritz

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0936-8051

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Kathrin Aeschlimann

Date Deposited:

27 Dec 2019 12:51

Last Modified:

24 Sep 2020 01:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00402-019-03310-8

PubMed ID:

31811373

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Bone metastasis Compound osteosynthesis Pathological fractures Proximal femur

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.136689

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/136689

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