[Weather and suicide : Association between meteorological variables and suicidal behavior-a systematic qualitative review article].

Pervilhac, Charlotte; Schoilew, Kyrill; Znoj, Hansjörg; Müller, Thomas J. (2020). [Weather and suicide : Association between meteorological variables and suicidal behavior-a systematic qualitative review article]. Der Nervenarzt, 91(3), pp. 227-232. Springer 10.1007/s00115-019-00795-x

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BACKGROUND The effects of current and expected future climate change on mental health outcomes are of increasing concern. In this context, the importance of meteorological factors on suicidal behavior is receiving growing attention in research. OBJECTIVE Systematic review article with qualitative synthesis of the currently available literature, looking at the association between meteorological variables and attempted and completed suicide. MATERIAL AND METHODS Criteria-based, systematic literature search according to the PRISMA criteria. Peer-reviewed original research studies were included without time limits. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION A total of 99 studies were included and grouped according to the research analysis based on daily, weekly, monthly and annual data. The majority of the studies reported a statistical association with at least one meteorological variable. The most consistent positive correlation was shown between temperature and suicidal behavior. However, the results are not conclusive and in part contradictory. The reported studies differed distinctively in terms of study design. Meteorological parameters may be associated with suicidal behavior. Future research in this area is needed to provide further clarity. Despite existing knowledge gaps, the current findings may have implications for suicide prevention plans.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > Translational Research Center
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Psychological and Behavioral Health

UniBE Contributor:

Znoj, Hans Jörg and Müller, Thomas

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1433-0407

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

German

Submitter:

Thomas Müller

Date Deposited:

27 Dec 2019 14:20

Last Modified:

09 Mar 2020 01:32

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00115-019-00795-x

PubMed ID:

31468092

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Climate change Mental health Meteorological factors Suicidality Temperature

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.136726

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/136726

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