Upconversion luminescence in sub-10 nm β-NaGdF 4 :Yb 3+ ,Er 3+ nanoparticles: an improved synthesis in anhydrous ionic liquids

Tessitore, Gabriella; Mudring, Anja-Verena; Krämer, Karl W. (2019). Upconversion luminescence in sub-10 nm β-NaGdF 4 :Yb 3+ ,Er 3+ nanoparticles: an improved synthesis in anhydrous ionic liquids. RSC advances, 9(60), pp. 34784-34792. Royal Society of Chemistry 10.1039/c9ra05950d

[img]
Preview
Text
307_Tessitore_NaGdF4_10nm_UC.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution-Noncommercial (CC-BY-NC).

Download (1MB) | Preview

Sub-10 nm b-NaGdF4:18% Yb3+,2% Er3+ nanoparticles were synthesized in ethylene glycol and various ionic liquids under microwave heating. The products were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction, electron microscopy, and upconversion (UC) luminescence spectroscopy. After Yb3+ excitation at 970 nm, Er3+ ions are excited by energy transfer upconversion and show the typical green and red emission bands. The UC luminescence intensity was optimized with respect to reactant concentrations, solvents, and reaction temperature and time. The strongest UC emission was achieved for sub-20 nm core–shell nanoparticles which were obtained in the ionic liquid diallyldimethylammonium bis(trifluoromethanesulfonyl)amide from a two-step synthesis without intermediate separation. Strictly anhydrous reaction conditions, a high fluoride/rare earth ion ratio, and a core–shell structure are important parameters to obtain highly luminescent nanoparticles. These conditions reduce nonradiative losses due to defects and high energy acceptor modes of surface ligands. A low power excitation of the core–shell particles by 70 mW at 970 nm results in an impressive UC emission intensity of 0.12% compared to the bulk sample.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

09 Interdisciplinary Units > Microscopy Imaging Center (MIC)
08 Faculty of Science > Departement of Chemistry and Biochemistry

UniBE Contributor:

Tessitore, Gabriella and Krämer, Karl

Subjects:

500 Science > 540 Chemistry

ISSN:

2046-2069

Publisher:

Royal Society of Chemistry

Funders:

[UNSPECIFIED] EU FP7, Grant No. 316906, ITN LUMINET

Language:

English

Submitter:

Karl Krämer

Date Deposited:

18 Dec 2019 09:07

Last Modified:

27 Feb 2020 15:09

Publisher DOI:

10.1039/c9ra05950d

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.136840

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/136840

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback