Murine CD8 T-cell functional avidity is stable in vivo but not in vitro: Independence from homologous prime/boost time interval and antigen density.

Gilfillan, Connie B; Wang, Chensu; Mohsen, Mona O.; Rufer, Nathalie; Hebeisen, Michael; Allard, Mathilde; Verdeil, Grégory; Irvine, Darrell J; Bachmann, Martin F.; Speiser, Daniel E (2020). Murine CD8 T-cell functional avidity is stable in vivo but not in vitro: Independence from homologous prime/boost time interval and antigen density. European journal of immunology, 50(4), pp. 505-514. Wiley-VCH 10.1002/eji.201948355

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It is known that for achieving high affinity antibody responses, vaccines must be optimized for antigen dose/density, and the prime/boost interval should be at least 4 weeks. Similar knowledge is lacking for generating high avidity T-cell responses. The functional avidity (FA) of T cells, describing responsiveness to peptide, is associated with the quality of effector function and the protective capacity in vivo. Despite its importance, the FA is rarely determined in T-cell vaccination studies. We addressed the question whether different time intervals for short-term homologous vaccinations impact the FA of CD8 T-cell responses. Four-week instead of 2-week intervals between priming and boosting with potent subunit vaccines in C57BL/6 mice did not improve FA. Equally, similar FA was observed after vaccination with virus-like particles displaying low versus high antigen densities. Interestingly, FA was stable in vivo but not in vitro, depending on the antigen dose and the time interval since T-cell activation, as observed in murine monoclonal T cells. Our findings suggest dynamic in vivo modulation for equal FA. We conclude that low antigen density vaccines or a minimal 4-week prime/boost interval are not crucial for the T-cell's FA, in contrast to antibody responses.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Dermatology, Urology, Rheumatology, Nephrology, Osteoporosis (DURN) > Clinic of Rheumatology, Clinical Immunology and Allergology

UniBE Contributor:

Mohsen, Mona Omar Mahmoud and Bachmann, Martin

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0014-2980

Publisher:

Wiley-VCH

Language:

English

Submitter:

Lee-Anne Brand

Date Deposited:

13 Jan 2020 15:55

Last Modified:

04 Apr 2020 01:32

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/eji.201948355

PubMed ID:

31785153

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Avidity regulation Functional avidity Prime/boost T-cell receptor affinity T-cell vaccination

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.137014

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/137014

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