The exonuclease Xrn1 activates transcription and translation of mRNAs encoding membrane proteins

Blasco-Moreno, Bernat; de Campos-Mata, Leire; Böttcher, René; García-Martínez, José; Jungfleisch, Jennifer; Nedialkova, Danny D.; Chattopadhyay, Shiladitya; Gas, María-Eugenia; Oliva, Baldomero; Pérez-Ortín, José E.; Leidel, Sebastian A.; Choder, Mordechai; Díez, Juana (2019). The exonuclease Xrn1 activates transcription and translation of mRNAs encoding membrane proteins. Nature communications, 10(1) Nature Publishing Group 10.1038/s41467-019-09199-6

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The highly conserved 5'-3' exonuclease Xrn1 regulates gene expression in eukaryotes by coupling nuclear DNA transcription to cytosolic mRNA decay. By integrating transcriptome-wide analyses of translation with biochemical and functional studies, we demonstrate an unanticipated regulatory role of Xrn1 in protein synthesis. Xrn1 promotes translation of a specific group of transcripts encoding membrane proteins. Xrn1-dependence for translation is linked to poor structural RNA contexts for translation initiation, is mediated by interactions with components of the translation initiation machinery and correlates with an Xrn1-dependence for mRNA localization at the endoplasmic reticulum, the translation compartment of membrane proteins. Importantly, for this group of mRNAs, Xrn1 stimulates transcription, mRNA translation and decay. Our results uncover a crosstalk between the three major stages of gene expression coordinated by Xrn1 to maintain appropriate levels of membrane proteins.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Departement of Chemistry and Biochemistry

UniBE Contributor:

Leidel, Sebastian Andreas

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
500 Science > 540 Chemistry

ISSN:

2041-1723

Publisher:

Nature Publishing Group

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christina Schüpbach

Date Deposited:

07 Jan 2020 15:01

Last Modified:

07 Jan 2020 15:01

Publisher DOI:

10.1038/s41467-019-09199-6

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.137059

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/137059

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