Assessment methods in medical specialist assessments in the DACH region - overview, critical examination and recommendations for further development.

Thiessen, Nils; Fischer, Martin R; Huwendiek, Sören (2019). Assessment methods in medical specialist assessments in the DACH region - overview, critical examination and recommendations for further development. GMS Journal for Medical Education, 36(6), Doc78. German Medical Science 10.3205/zma001286

[img]
Preview
Text
zma001286.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution (CC-BY).

Download (830kB) | Preview

Introduction: Specialist medical assessments fulfil the task of ensuring that physicians have the clinical competence to independently represent their field and provide the best possible care to patients, taking into account the current state of knowledge. To date, there are no comprehensive reports on the status of specialist assessments in the German-speaking countries (DACH). For that reason, the assessment methods used in the DACH region are compiled and critically evaluated in this article, and recommendations for further development are described. Methods: The websites of the following institutions were searched for information regarding testing methods used and the organisation of specialist examinations: Homepage of the Swiss Institute for Medical Continuing Education (SIWF), Homepage of the Academy of Physicians (Austria) and Homepage of the German Federal Medical Association (BAEK). Further links were considered and the results were presented in tabular form. The assessment methods used in the specialist assessments are critically examined with regard to established quality criteria and recommendations for the further development of the specialist assessments are derived from these. Results: The following assessment methods are already used in Switzerland and Austria: written examinations with multiple choice and short answer questions, structured oral examinations, the Script Concordance Test (SCT) and the Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE). In some cases, these assessment methods are combined (triangulation). In Germany, on the other hand, the oral examination has so far been conducted in an unstructured manner in the form of a 'collegial content discussion'. In order to test knowledge, practical and communicative competences equally, it is recommended to implement a triangulation of methods and follow the further recommendations described in this article. Conclusion: While there are already accepted approaches for quality-assured and competence-based specialist assessments in Switzerland and Austria at present, there is still a long way to go in Germany. Following the recommendations presented in this article, a contribution could be made to improving the specialist assessments in the DACH region according to the specialist assessments objectives.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Medical Education > Institute for Medical Education
04 Faculty of Medicine > Medical Education > Institute for Medical Education > Assessment and Evaluation Unit (AAE)

UniBE Contributor:

Huwendiek, Sören

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2366-5017

Publisher:

German Medical Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Eveline Götschmann-Meile

Date Deposited:

14 Jan 2020 10:04

Last Modified:

14 Jan 2020 10:13

Publisher DOI:

10.3205/zma001286

PubMed ID:

31844650

Uncontrolled Keywords:

DACH region cognitive, practical and communicative competencies medical specialist assessment

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.137179

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/137179

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback