A novel method for harvesting concentrated platelet-rich fibrin (C-PRF) with a 10-fold increase in platelet and leukocyte yields.

Miron, Richard J.; Chai, Jihua; Zhang, Peng; Li, Yuqing; Wang, Yunxiao; Mourão, Carlos Fernando de Almeida Barros; Sculean, Anton; Kobayashi, Masako; Zhang, Yufeng (2020). A novel method for harvesting concentrated platelet-rich fibrin (C-PRF) with a 10-fold increase in platelet and leukocyte yields. Clinical oral investigations, 24(8), pp. 2819-2828. Springer-Verlag 10.1007/s00784-019-03147-w

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES

Liquid platelet rich fibrin (PRF; often referred to as injectable PRF) has been utilized as an injectable formulation of PRF that is capable of stimulating tissue regeneration. Our research group recently found that following standard L-PRF protocols (2700 RPM for 12 min), a massive increase in platelets and leukocytes was observed directly within the buffy-coat layer directly above the red blood cell layer. The purpose of this study was to develop a novel harvesting technique to isolate liquid PRF directly from this buffy coat layer and to compare this technique to standard i-PRF.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Standard high g-force L-PRF and low g-force i-PRF protocols were utilized to separate blood layers. Above the red blood corpuscle layer, sequential 100-μL layers of plasma were harvested (12 layers total; i.e., 1.2 mL, which represents the total i-PRF volume), and 3 layers (3 × 100 μL) were harvested from the red blood cell layer to quantify blood cells. Each layer was then sent for complete blood count (CBC) analysis, and the cell numbers were quantified including red blood cells, leukocytes, neutrophils, lymphocytes, monocytes, and platelets. The liquid PRF that was directly collected from the buffy-coat layer following L-PRF protocols was referred to as concentrated PRF (C-PRF).

RESULTS

The i-PRF protocol typically yielded a 2- to 3-fold increase in platelets and a l.5-fold increase in leukocyte concentration from the 1- to 1.2-mL plasma layer compared to baseline concentrations in whole blood. While almost no cells were found in the first 4-mL layer of L-PRF, a massive accumulation of platelets and leukocytes was found directly within the buffy coat layer demonstrating extremely high concentrations of cells in this 0.3-0.5-mL layer (~ 20-fold increases). We therefore proposed harvesting this 0.3- to 0.5-mL layer directly above the red blood cell corpuscle layer as liquid C-PRF. In general, i-PRF was able to increase platelet numbers by ~ 250%, whereas a 1200-1700% increase in platelet numbers could easily be achieved by harvesting this 0.3-0.5 mL of C-PRF (total platelet concentrations of > 2000-3000 × 109 cells/L).

CONCLUSION

While conventional i-PRF protocols increase platelet yield by 2-3-fold and leukocyte yield by 50%, we convincingly demonstrated the ability to concentrate platelets and leukocytes over 10-fold by harvesting the 0.3-0.5 mL of C-PRF within the buffy coat following L-PRF protocols.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

Previous studies have demonstrated only a slight increase in platelet and leukocyte concentrations in i-PRF. The present study described a novel harvesting technique with over a 10-fold increase in platelets and leukocytes that can be further utilized for tissue regeneration.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Schädel-, Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Schädel-, Kiefer- und Gesichtschirurgie

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Craniomaxillofacial Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > School of Dental Medicine, Periodontics Research

UniBE Contributor:

Miron, Richard John; Sculean, Anton and Kobayashi, Masako

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1432-6981

Publisher:

Springer-Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Burri

Date Deposited:

08 Jan 2020 12:22

Last Modified:

06 Oct 2020 10:56

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00784-019-03147-w

PubMed ID:

31788748

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Blood platelets Fibrin Platelet-rich fibrin Wound healing

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.137267

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/137267

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