Attenuated fibrosis in specific pathogen-free microbiota in experimental cholestasis- and toxin-induced liver injury.

Moghadamrad, Sheida; Mohsin Hassan, Mohsin Hassan; McCoy, Kathleen; Kirundi, Jorum; Kellmann, Philipp; De Gottardi, Andrea (2019). Attenuated fibrosis in specific pathogen-free microbiota in experimental cholestasis- and toxin-induced liver injury. FASEB journal, 33(11), pp. 12464-12476. Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 10.1096/fj.201901113R

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In advanced chronic liver disease (CLD), the translocation of intestinal bacteria and the resultant increase of proinflammatory cytokines in the splanchnic and systemic circulation may contribute to the progression of fibrosis. We therefore speculated that fibrosis and portal hypertension (PHT) would be attenuated in a mouse model of limited intestinal colonization with altered Schaedler flora (ASF) compared to a more complex colonization with specific pathogen-free (SPF) flora. We induced liver fibrosis in ASF and SPF mice by common bile duct ligation (BDL) or by carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) treatment. We then measured portal pressure (PP), portosystemic shunts (PSSs), and harvested tissues for further analyses. There were no differences in PP between sham-treated ASF or SPF mice. After BDL or CCl4 treatment, PP, PSSs, and hepatic collagen deposition increased in both groups. However, the increase in PP and the degree of fibrosis was significantly higher in ASF than SPF mice. Expression of fibrotic markers α-smooth muscle actin, desmin, and platelet-derived growth factor receptor β were significantly higher in ASF than SPF mice. This was associated with higher activation of hepatic immune cells (macrophages, neutrophils) and decreased expression of the intestinal epithelial tight junction proteins (claudin-1, occludin-1). In 2 models of advanced CLD, SPF mice presented significantly attenuated liver injury, fibrosis, and PHT compared to ASF mice. In contrast to our hypothesis, these findings suggest that a complex intestinal microbiota may play a "hepato-protective" role.-Moghadamrad, S., Hassan, M., McCoy, K. D., Kirundi, J., Kellmann, P., De Gottardi, A. Attenuated fibrosis in specific pathogen-free microbiota in experimental cholestasis- and toxin-induced liver injury.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Hepatologie
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Hepatologie

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Gastroenterologie / Mukosale Immunologie
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Gastroenterologie / Mukosale Immunologie

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DCR Services > CMF
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine > Hepatology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine > Gastroenterology

UniBE Contributor:

Moghadamrad, Sheida; Mohsin Hassan, Mohsin Hassan; McCoy, Kathleen; Kirundi, Jorum; Kellmann, Philipp and De Gottardi, Andrea

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0892-6638

Publisher:

Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Thi Thao Anh Pham

Date Deposited:

17 Jan 2020 15:37

Last Modified:

17 Jan 2020 15:37

Publisher DOI:

10.1096/fj.201901113R

PubMed ID:

31431085

Uncontrolled Keywords:

altered Schaedler flora bile duct ligation carbon tetrachloride portal hypertension α-SMA

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.137307

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/137307

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