Adjunctive laser or antimicrobial photodynamic therapy to non-surgical mechanical instrumentation in patients with untreated periodontitis. A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Salvi, Giovanni E.; Stähli, Alexandra; Schmidt, Julia C; Ramseier, Christoph A.; Sculean, Anton; Walter, Clemens (2020). Adjunctive laser or antimicrobial photodynamic therapy to non-surgical mechanical instrumentation in patients with untreated periodontitis. A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of clinical periodontology, 47 Suppl 22, pp. 176-198. Wiley 10.1111/jcpe.13236

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AIM

To compare the adjunctive effects of lasers or antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) to non-surgical mechanical instrumentation alone in untreated periodontitis patients.

MATERIALS AND METHODS

Two focused questions were addressed using the Population, Intervention, Comparison and Outcome criteria as follows: in patients with untreated periodontitis, i) does laser application provide adjunctive effects on probing pocket depth (PPD) changes compared with non-surgical instrumentation alone? and ii) does application of aPDT provide adjunctive effects on PPD changes compared with non-surgical instrumentation alone? Both randomized controlled clinical trials (RCTs) and controlled clinical trials (CCTs) were included. Results of the meta-analysis are expressed as weighted mean differences (WMD) and reported according to the PRISMA guidelines.

RESULTS

Out of 1'202 records, 10 articles for adjunctive laser and 8 for adjunctive aPDT were included. With respect to PPD changes, 1 meta-analysis including 2 articles (total n = 42; split-mouth design) failed to identify a statistically significant difference (WMD = 0.35 mm; 95%CI:-0.04/0.73; p = .08) in favour of adjunctive aPDT (wavelength range 650-700 nm). In terms of adjunctive laser application a high variability of clinical outcomes at 6 months was noted. Two articles included patient-reported outcomes and 10 reported on the presence/absence of harms/adverse effects.

CONCLUSIONS

Available evidence on adjunctive therapy with lasers and aPDT is limited by (i) the low number of controlled studies and (ii) the heterogeneity of study designs. Patient-reported benefits remain to be demonstrated.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > School of Dental Medicine, Periodontics Research

UniBE Contributor:

Salvi, Giovanni Edoardo; Stähli, Alexandra Beatrice; Ramseier, Christoph Andreas and Sculean, Anton

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0303-6979

Publisher:

Wiley

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Burri

Date Deposited:

20 Jan 2020 15:52

Last Modified:

21 Dec 2020 02:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/jcpe.13236

PubMed ID:

31859395

Uncontrolled Keywords:

antimicrobial photodynamic therapy laser non-surgical periodontal treatment periodontitis systematic review

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.137762

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/137762

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